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Revision 87b60bf7

ID87b60bf7e8ad12b3efd3d6f37df0d029f50d2d91
Parent 02933ddb
Child 29ad2c9e

Added by Martin Mares almost 22 years ago

Added several tools for fib hashing function analysis. It turned out
we can use very simple function which is monotonic with respect
to re-hashing:

n ^= n >> 16;
n ^= n << 10;
h = (n >> (16 - o)) & ((1 << o) - 1);

where o is table order. Statistical analysis for both backbone routing
table and local OSPF routing tables gives values near theoretical
optimum for uniform distribution (see ips.c for formulae).

The trick is very simple: We always calculate a 16-bit hash value n and
use o most significant bits (this gives us monotonity wrt. rehashing
if we sort the chains by the value of n). The first shift/xor pair
reduces the IP address to a 16-bit one, the second pair makes higher
bits of the 16-bit value uniformly distributed even for tables containing
lots of long prefixes (typical interior routing case with 24-bit or even
longer prefixes).

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