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/*
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 * filter layer
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 * copyright (c) 2007 Bobby Bingham
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 *
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 * This file is part of FFmpeg.
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 *
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 * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
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 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
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 */
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#ifndef FFMPEG_AVFILTER_H
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#define FFMPEG_AVFILTER_H
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#include <stddef.h>
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#include "avcodec.h"
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typedef struct AVFilterContext AVFilterContext;
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typedef struct AVFilterLink    AVFilterLink;
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typedef struct AVFilterPad     AVFilterPad;
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/* TODO: look for other flags which may be useful in this structure (interlace
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 * flags, etc)
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 */
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/**
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 * A reference-counted picture data type used by the filter system.  Filters
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 * should not store pointers to this structure directly, but instead use the
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 * AVFilterPicRef structure below.
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 */
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typedef struct AVFilterPic
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{
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    uint8_t *data[4];           ///< picture data for each plane
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    int linesize[4];            ///< number of bytes per line
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    enum PixelFormat format;    ///< colorspace
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    unsigned refcount;          ///< number of references to this image
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    /** private data to be used by a custom free function */
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    void *priv;
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    /**
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     * A pointer to the function to deallocate this image if the default
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     * function is not sufficient.  This could, for example, add the memory
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     * back into a memory pool to be reused later without the overhead of
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     * reallocating it from scratch.
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     */
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    void (*free)(struct AVFilterPic *pic);
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} AVFilterPic;
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/**
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 * A reference to an AVFilterPic.  Since filters can manipulate the origin of
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 * a picture to, for example, crop image without any memcpy, the picture origin
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 * and dimensions are per-reference properties.  Linesize is also useful for
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 * image flipping, frame to field filters, etc, and so is also per-reference.
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 *
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 * TODO: add anything necessary for frame reordering
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 */
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typedef struct AVFilterPicRef
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{
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    AVFilterPic *pic;           ///< the picture that this is a reference to
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    uint8_t *data[4];           ///< picture data for each plane
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    int linesize[4];            ///< number of bytes per line
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    int w;                      ///< image width
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    int h;                      ///< image height
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    int64_t pts;                ///< presentation timestamp in units of 1/AV_TIME_BASE
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    AVRational pixel_aspect;    ///< pixel aspect ratio
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    int perms;                  ///< permissions
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#define AV_PERM_READ     0x01   ///< can read from the buffer
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#define AV_PERM_WRITE    0x02   ///< can write to the buffer
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#define AV_PERM_PRESERVE 0x04   ///< nobody else can overwrite the buffer
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#define AV_PERM_REUSE    0x08   ///< can output the buffer multiple times, with the same contents each time
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#define AV_PERM_REUSE2   0x10   ///< can output the buffer multiple times, modified each time
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} AVFilterPicRef;
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/**
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 * Add a new reference to a picture.
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 * @param ref   an existing reference to the picture
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 * @param pmask a bitmask containing the allowable permissions in the new
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 *              reference
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 * @return      a new reference to the picture with the same properties as the
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 *              old, excluding any permissions denied by pmask
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 */
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AVFilterPicRef *avfilter_ref_pic(AVFilterPicRef *ref, int pmask);
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/**
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 * Remove a reference to a picture.  If this is the last reference to the
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 * picture, the picture itself is also automatically freed.
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 * @param ref reference to the picture
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 */
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void avfilter_unref_pic(AVFilterPicRef *ref);
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/**
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 * A list of supported formats for one end of a filter link. This is used
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 * during the format negotiation process to try to pick the best format to
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 * use to minimize the number of necessary conversions. Each filter gives a
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 * list of the formats supported by each input and output pad. The list
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 * given for each pad need not be distinct - they may be references to the
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 * same list of formats, as is often the case when a filter supports multiple
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 * formats, but will always outut the same format as it is given in input.
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 *
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 * In this way, a list of possible input formats and a list of possible
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 * output formats are associated with each link. When a set of formats is
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 * negotiated over a link, the input and output lists are merged to form a
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 * new list containing only the common elements of each list. In the case
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 * that there were no common elements, a format conversion is necessary.
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 * Otherwise, the lists are merged, and all other links which reference
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 * either of the format lists involved in the merge are also affected.
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 *
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 * For example, consider the filter chain:
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 * filter (a) --> (b) filter (b) --> (c) filter
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 *
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 * where the letters in parenthesis indicate a list of formats supported on
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 * the input or output of the link. Suppose the lists are as follows:
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 * (a) = {A, B}
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 * (b) = {A, B, C}
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 * (c) = {B, C}
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 *
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 * First, the first link's lists are merged, yielding:
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 * filter (a) --> (a) filter (a) --> (c) filter
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 *
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 * Notice that format list (b) now refers to the same list as filter list (a).
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 * Next, the lists for the second link are merged, yielding:
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 * filter (a) --> (a) filter (a) --> (a) filter
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 *
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 * where (a) = {B}.
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 *
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 * Unfortunately, when the format lists at the two ends of a link are merged,
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 * we must ensure that all links which reference either pre-merge format list
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 * get updated as well. Therefore, we have the format list structure store a
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 * pointer to each of the pointers to itself.
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 */
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typedef struct AVFilterFormats AVFilterFormats;
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struct AVFilterFormats
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{
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    unsigned format_count;      ///< number of formats
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    int *formats;               ///< list of formats
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    unsigned refcount;          ///< number of references to this list
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    AVFilterFormats ***refs;    ///< references to this list
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};
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/**
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 * Helper function to create a list of supported formats.  This is intended
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 * for use in AVFilter->query_formats().
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 * @param len the number of formats supported
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 * @param ... a list of the supported formats
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 * @return    the format list, with no existing references
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 */
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AVFilterFormats *avfilter_make_format_list(int len, ...);
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/**
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 * Returns a fairly comprehensive list of colorspaces which are supported by
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 * many of the included filters. This is not truly "all" the colorspaces, but
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 * it is most of them, and it is the most commonly supported large subset.
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 */
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AVFilterFormats *avfilter_all_colorspaces(void);
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/**
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 * If a and b share at least one common format, they are merged into a new
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 * format list which is returned.  All the references to a and b are updated
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 * to point to this new list, and a and b are deallocated.
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 *
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 * If a and b do not share any common formats, neither is modified, and NULL
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 * is returned.
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 */
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AVFilterFormats *avfilter_merge_formats(AVFilterFormats *a, AVFilterFormats *b);
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/** Adds *ref as a new reference to f */
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void avfilter_formats_ref(AVFilterFormats *f, AVFilterFormats **ref);
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/**
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 * Remove *ref as a reference to the format list it currently points to,
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 * deallocate that list if this was the last reference, and set *ref to NULL.
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 */
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void avfilter_formats_unref(AVFilterFormats **ref);
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int avfilter_poll_frame(AVFilterLink *link);
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/**
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 * A filter pad used for either input or output.
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 */
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struct AVFilterPad
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{
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    /**
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     * Pad name.  The name is unique among inputs and among outputs, but an
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     * input may have the same name as an output.  This may be NULL if this
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     * pad has no need to ever be referenced by name.
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     */
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    const char *name;
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    /**
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     * AVFilterPad type.  Only video supported now, hopefully someone will
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     * add audio in the future.
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     */
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    int type;
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#define AV_PAD_VIDEO 0      ///< video pad
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    /**
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     * Minimum required permissions on incoming buffers.  Any buffers with
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     * insufficient permissions will be automatically copied by the filter
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     * system to a new buffer which provides the needed access permissions.
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     *
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     * Input pads only.
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     */
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    int min_perms;
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    /**
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     * Permissions which are not accepted on incoming buffers.  Any buffer
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     * which has any of these permissions set be automatically copied by the
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     * filter system to a new buffer which does not have those permissions.
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     * This can be used to easily disallow buffers with AV_PERM_REUSE.
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     *
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     * Input pads only.
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     */
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    int rej_perms;
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    /**
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     * Callback called before passing the first slice of a new frame.  If
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     * NULL, the filter layer will default to storing a reference to the
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     * picture inside the link structure.
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     *
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     * Input video pads only.
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     */
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    void (*start_frame)(AVFilterLink *link, AVFilterPicRef *picref);
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    /**
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     * Callback function to get a buffer.  If NULL, the filter system will
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     * handle buffer requests.
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     *
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     * Input video pads only.
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     */
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    AVFilterPicRef *(*get_video_buffer)(AVFilterLink *link, int perms);
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    /**
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     * Callback called after the slices of a frame are completely sent.  If
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     * NULL, the filter layer will default to releasing the reference stored
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     * in the link structure during start_frame().
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     *
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     * Input video pads only.
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     */
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    void (*end_frame)(AVFilterLink *link);
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    /**
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     * Slice drawing callback.  This is where a filter receives video data
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     * and should do its processing.
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     *
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     * Input video pads only.
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     */
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    void (*draw_slice)(AVFilterLink *link, int y, int height);
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    /**
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     * Frame poll callback.  This returns the number of immediately available
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     * frames. It should return a positive value if the next request_frame()
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     * is guaranteed to return one frame (with no delay).
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     *
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     * Defaults to just calling the source poll_frame() method.
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     *
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     * Output video pads only.
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     */
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    int (*poll_frame)(AVFilterLink *link);
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    /**
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     * Frame request callback.  A call to this should result in at least one
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     * frame being output over the given link.  This should return zero on
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     * success, and another value on error.
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     *
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     * Output video pads only.
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     */
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    int (*request_frame)(AVFilterLink *link);
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    /**
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     * Link configuration callback.
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     *
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     * For output pads, this should set the link properties such as
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     * width/height.  This should NOT set the format property - that is
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     * negotiated between filters by the filter system using the
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     * query_formats() callback before this function is called.
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     *
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     * For input pads, this should check the properties of the link, and update
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     * the filter's internal state as necessary.
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     *
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     * For both input and output filters, this should return zero on success,
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     * and another value on error.
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     */
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    int (*config_props)(AVFilterLink *link);
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};
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/** Default handler for start_frame() for video inputs */
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void avfilter_default_start_frame(AVFilterLink *link, AVFilterPicRef *picref);
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/** Default handler for end_frame() for video inputs */
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void avfilter_default_end_frame(AVFilterLink *link);
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/** Default handler for config_props() for video outputs */
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int avfilter_default_config_output_link(AVFilterLink *link);
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/** Default handler for config_props() for video inputs */
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int avfilter_default_config_input_link (AVFilterLink *link);
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/** Default handler for get_video_buffer() for video inputs */
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AVFilterPicRef *avfilter_default_get_video_buffer(AVFilterLink *link,
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                                                  int perms);
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/**
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 * A helper for query_formats() which sets all links to the same list of
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 * formats. If there are no links hooked to this filter, the list of formats is
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 * freed.
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 */
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void avfilter_set_common_formats(AVFilterContext *ctx, AVFilterFormats *formats);
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/** Default handler for query_formats() */
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int avfilter_default_query_formats(AVFilterContext *ctx);
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void avfilter_formats_changeref(AVFilterFormats **oldref,
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                                AVFilterFormats **newref);
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/**
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 * Filter definition.  This defines the pads a filter contains, and all the
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 * callback functions used to interact with the filter.
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 */
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typedef struct
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{
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    const char *name;         ///< filter name
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    const char *author;       ///< filter author
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    int priv_size;      ///< size of private data to allocate for the filter
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    /**
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     * Filter initialization function.  Args contains the user-supplied
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     * parameters.  FIXME: maybe an AVOption-based system would be better?
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     * opaque is data provided by the code requesting creation of the filter,
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     * and is used to pass data to the filter.
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     */
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    int (*init)(AVFilterContext *ctx, const char *args, void *opaque);
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    /**
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     * Filter uninitialization function.  Should deallocate any memory held
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     * by the filter, release any picture references, etc.  This does not need
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     * to deallocate the AVFilterContext->priv memory itself.
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     */
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    void (*uninit)(AVFilterContext *ctx);
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    /**
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     * Query formats supported by the filter and its pads. Should set the
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     * in_formats for links connected to its output pads, and out_formats
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     * for links connected to its input pads.
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     *
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     * Should return zero on success.
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     */
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    int (*query_formats)(AVFilterContext *);
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    const AVFilterPad *inputs;  ///< NULL terminated list of inputs. NULL if none
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    const AVFilterPad *outputs; ///< NULL terminated list of outputs. NULL if none
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} AVFilter;
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/** An instance of a filter */
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struct AVFilterContext
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{
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    AVClass *av_class;              ///< needed for av_log()
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    AVFilter *filter;               ///< the AVFilter of which this is an instance
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    char *name;                     ///< name of this filter instance
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    unsigned input_count;           ///< number of input pads
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    AVFilterPad   *input_pads;      ///< array of input pads
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    AVFilterLink **inputs;          ///< array of pointers to input links
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    unsigned output_count;          ///< number of output pads
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    AVFilterPad   *output_pads;     ///< array of output pads
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    AVFilterLink **outputs;         ///< array of pointers to output links
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    void *priv;                     ///< private data for use by the filter
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};
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/**
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 * A link between two filters.  This contains pointers to the source and
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 * destination filters between which this link exists, and the indices of
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 * the pads involved.  In addition, this link also contains the parameters
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 * which have been negotiated and agreed upon between the filter, such as
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 * image dimensions, format, etc
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 */
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struct AVFilterLink
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{
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    AVFilterContext *src;       ///< source filter
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    unsigned int srcpad;        ///< index of the output pad on the source filter
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    AVFilterContext *dst;       ///< dest filter
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    unsigned int dstpad;        ///< index of the input pad on the dest filter
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    /** stage of the initialization of the link properties (dimensions, etc) */
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    enum {
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        AVLINK_UNINIT = 0,      ///< not started
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        AVLINK_STARTINIT,       ///< started, but incomplete
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        AVLINK_INIT             ///< complete
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    } init_state;
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    int w;                      ///< agreed upon image width
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    int h;                      ///< agreed upon image height
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    enum PixelFormat format;    ///< agreed upon image colorspace
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    /**
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     * Lists of formats supported by the input and output filters respectively.
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     * These lists are used for negotiating the format to actually be used,
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     * which will be loaded into the format member, above, when chosen.
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     */
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    AVFilterFormats *in_formats;
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    AVFilterFormats *out_formats;
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    /**
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     * The picture reference currently being sent across the link by the source
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     * filter.  This is used internally by the filter system to allow
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     * automatic copying of pictures which do not have sufficient permissions
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     * for the destination.  This should not be accessed directly by the
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     * filters.
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     */
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    AVFilterPicRef *srcpic;
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    AVFilterPicRef *cur_pic;
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    AVFilterPicRef *outpic;
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};
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/**
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 * Link two filters together.
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 * @param src    the source filter
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 * @param srcpad index of the output pad on the source filter
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 * @param dst    the destination filter
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 * @param dstpad index of the input pad on the destination filter
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 * @return       zero on success
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 */
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int avfilter_link(AVFilterContext *src, unsigned srcpad,
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                  AVFilterContext *dst, unsigned dstpad);
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/**
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 * Negotiate the colorspace, dimensions, etc of all inputs to a filter.
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 * @param filter the filter to negotiate the properties for its inputs
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 * @return       zero on successful negotiation
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 */
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int avfilter_config_links(AVFilterContext *filter);
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/**
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 * Request a picture buffer with a specific set of permissions
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 * @param link  the output link to the filter from which the picture will
450
 *              be requested
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 * @param perms the required access permissions
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 * @return      A reference to the picture.  This must be unreferenced with
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 *              avfilter_unref_pic when you are finished with it.
454
 */
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AVFilterPicRef *avfilter_get_video_buffer(AVFilterLink *link, int perms);
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/**
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 * Request an input frame from the filter at the other end of the link.
459
 * @param link the input link
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 * @return     zero on success
461
 */
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int  avfilter_request_frame(AVFilterLink *link);
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/**
465
 * Notify the next filter of the start of a frame.
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 * @param link   the output link the frame will be sent over
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 * @param picref A reference to the frame about to be sent.  The data for this
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 *               frame need only be valid once draw_slice() is called for that
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 *               portion.  The receiving filter will free this reference when
470
 *               it no longer needs it.
471
 */
472
void avfilter_start_frame(AVFilterLink *link, AVFilterPicRef *picref);
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/**
475
 * Notify the next filter that the current frame has finished
476
 * @param link the output link the frame was sent over
477
 */
478
void avfilter_end_frame(AVFilterLink *link);
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480
/**
481
 * Send a slice to the next filter.
482
 * @param link the output link over which the frame is being sent
483
 * @param y    offset in pixels from the top of the image for this slice
484
 * @param h    height of this slice in pixels
485
 */
486
void avfilter_draw_slice(AVFilterLink *link, int y, int h);
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488
/** Initialize the filter system.  Registers all builtin filters */
489
void avfilter_init(void);
490

    
491
/** Uninitialize the filter system.  Unregisters all filters */
492
void avfilter_uninit(void);
493

    
494
/**
495
 * Register a filter.  This is only needed if you plan to use
496
 * avfilter_get_by_name later to lookup the AVFilter structure by name. A
497
 * filter can still by instantiated with avfilter_open even if it is not
498
 * registered.
499
 * @param filter the filter to register
500
 */
501
void avfilter_register(AVFilter *filter);
502

    
503
/**
504
 * Gets a filter definition matching the given name.
505
 * @param name the filter name to find
506
 * @return     the filter definition, if any matching one is registered.
507
 *             NULL if none found.
508
 */
509
AVFilter *avfilter_get_by_name(const char *name);
510

    
511
/**
512
 * Create a filter instance.
513
 * @param filter    the filter to create an instance of
514
 * @param inst_name Name to give to the new instance.  Can be NULL for none.
515
 * @return          Pointer to the new instance on success.  NULL on failure.
516
 */
517
AVFilterContext *avfilter_open(AVFilter *filter, const char *inst_name);
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519
/**
520
 * Initialize a filter.
521
 * @param filter the filter to initialize
522
 * @param args   A string of parameters to use when initializing the filter.
523
 *               The format and meaning of this string varies by filter.
524
 * @param opaque Any extra non-string data needed by the filter.  The meaning
525
 *               of this parameter varies by filter.
526
 * @return       zero on success
527
 */
528
int avfilter_init_filter(AVFilterContext *filter, const char *args, void *opaque);
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530
/**
531
 * Destroy a filter.
532
 * @param filter the filter to destroy
533
 */
534
void avfilter_destroy(AVFilterContext *filter);
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536
/**
537
 * Insert a filter in the middle of an existing link.
538
 * @param link the link into which the filter should be inserted
539
 * @param filt the filter to be inserted
540
 * @param in   the input pad on the filter to connect
541
 * @param out  the output pad on the filter to connect
542
 * @return     zero on success
543
 */
544
int avfilter_insert_filter(AVFilterLink *link, AVFilterContext *filt,
545
                           unsigned in, unsigned out);
546

    
547
/**
548
 * Insert a new pad.
549
 * @param idx Insertion point.  Pad is inserted at the end if this point
550
 *            is beyond the end of the list of pads.
551
 * @param count Pointer to the number of pads in the list
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 * @param padidx_off Offset within an AVFilterLink structure to the element
553
 *                   to increment when inserting a new pad causes link
554
 *                   numbering to change
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 * @param pads Pointer to the pointer to the beginning of the list of pads
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 * @param links Pointer to the pointer to the beginning of the list of links
557
 * @param newpad The new pad to add. A copy is made when adding.
558
 */
559
void avfilter_insert_pad(unsigned idx, unsigned *count, size_t padidx_off,
560
                         AVFilterPad **pads, AVFilterLink ***links,
561
                         AVFilterPad *newpad);
562

    
563
/** insert a new input pad for the filter */
564
static inline void avfilter_insert_inpad(AVFilterContext *f, unsigned index,
565
                                         AVFilterPad *p)
566
{
567
    avfilter_insert_pad(index, &f->input_count, offsetof(AVFilterLink, dstpad),
568
                        &f->input_pads, &f->inputs, p);
569
}
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/** insert a new output pad for the filter */
572
static inline void avfilter_insert_outpad(AVFilterContext *f, unsigned index,
573
                                          AVFilterPad *p)
574
{
575
    avfilter_insert_pad(index, &f->output_count, offsetof(AVFilterLink, srcpad),
576
                        &f->output_pads, &f->outputs, p);
577
}
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579
#endif  /* FFMPEG_AVFILTER_H */