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Revision ae7a4a15

Parent bfde0f1b
Child d459d8e2

Added by Philip Langdale about 10 years ago

CrystalHD: Improve detection of h.264 content.

As previously discussed, the CrystalHD hardware returns exceptionally
useless information about interlaced h.264 content - to the extent
that it's not possible to distinguish most MBAFF and PAFF content until
it's too late.

In an attempt to compensate for this, I'm introducing two mechanisms:

1) Peeking at the picture number of the next picture

The hardware provides a capability to peek the next picture number. If
it is the same as the current picture number, then we are clearly dealing
with two fields and not a frame or fieldpair.

If this always worked, it would be all we need, but it's not guaranteed
to work. Sometimes, the next picture may not be decoded sufficiently
for the number to be known; alternately, a corruption in the stream may
cause the hardware to refuse to return the number even if the next
intact frame is decoded. In either case, the query will return 0.

If we are unable to peek the next picture number, we assume that the
picture is a frame/fieldpair and return it accordingly. If that turns
out to be incorrect, we discard the second field, and the user has
to live with the glitch. In testing, false detection can occur for
the first couple of seconds, and then the pipeline stabalizes and
we get correct detection.

2) Use the h264_parser to detect when individual input fields have
been combined into an output fieldpair.

I have multiple PAFF samples where this behaviour is detected. The
peeking mechanism described above will correctly detect that the
output is a fieldpair, but we need to know what the input type was
to ensure pipeline stability (only return one output frame per input

If we find ourselves with an output fieldpair, yet the input picture
type was a field, as reported by the parser, then we are dealing with
this case, and can make sure not to return anything on the next
decode() call.

Taken together, these allow us to remove the hard-coded hacks for
different h.264 types, and we can clearly describe the conditions
under which we can trust the hardware's claim that content is

Signed-off-by: Philip Langdale <>


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