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/*
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 * Unbuffered io for ffmpeg system
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 * Copyright (c) 2001 Fabrice Bellard
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 *
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 * This file is part of Libav.
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 *
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 * Libav is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * Libav is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
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 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with Libav; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
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 */
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/* needed for usleep() */
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#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
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#include <unistd.h>
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#include "libavutil/avstring.h"
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#include "libavutil/opt.h"
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#include "os_support.h"
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#include "avformat.h"
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#if CONFIG_NETWORK
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#include "network.h"
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#endif
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#include "url.h"
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#if FF_API_URL_CLASS
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/** @name Logging context. */
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/*@{*/
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static const char *urlcontext_to_name(void *ptr)
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{
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    URLContext *h = (URLContext *)ptr;
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    if(h->prot) return h->prot->name;
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    else        return "NULL";
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}
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static const AVOption options[] = {{NULL}};
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static const AVClass urlcontext_class =
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        { "URLContext", urlcontext_to_name, options, LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_INT };
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/*@}*/
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#endif
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static int default_interrupt_cb(void);
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URLProtocol *first_protocol = NULL;
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URLInterruptCB *url_interrupt_cb = default_interrupt_cb;
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URLProtocol *av_protocol_next(URLProtocol *p)
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{
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    if(p) return p->next;
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    else  return first_protocol;
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}
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int av_register_protocol2(URLProtocol *protocol, int size)
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{
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    URLProtocol **p;
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    if (size < sizeof(URLProtocol)) {
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        URLProtocol* temp = av_mallocz(sizeof(URLProtocol));
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        memcpy(temp, protocol, size);
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        protocol = temp;
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    }
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    p = &first_protocol;
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    while (*p != NULL) p = &(*p)->next;
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    *p = protocol;
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    protocol->next = NULL;
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    return 0;
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}
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#if FF_API_REGISTER_PROTOCOL
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/* The layout of URLProtocol as of when major was bumped to 52 */
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struct URLProtocol_compat {
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    const char *name;
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    int (*url_open)(URLContext *h, const char *filename, int flags);
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    int (*url_read)(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size);
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    int (*url_write)(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size);
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    int64_t (*url_seek)(URLContext *h, int64_t pos, int whence);
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    int (*url_close)(URLContext *h);
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    struct URLProtocol *next;
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};
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int av_register_protocol(URLProtocol *protocol)
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{
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    return av_register_protocol2(protocol, sizeof(struct URLProtocol_compat));
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}
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int register_protocol(URLProtocol *protocol)
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{
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    return av_register_protocol2(protocol, sizeof(struct URLProtocol_compat));
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}
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#endif
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static int url_alloc_for_protocol (URLContext **puc, struct URLProtocol *up,
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                                   const char *filename, int flags)
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{
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    URLContext *uc;
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    int err;
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#if CONFIG_NETWORK
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    if (!ff_network_init())
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        return AVERROR(EIO);
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#endif
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    uc = av_mallocz(sizeof(URLContext) + strlen(filename) + 1);
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    if (!uc) {
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        err = AVERROR(ENOMEM);
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        goto fail;
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    }
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#if FF_API_URL_CLASS
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    uc->av_class = &urlcontext_class;
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#endif
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    uc->filename = (char *) &uc[1];
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    strcpy(uc->filename, filename);
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    uc->prot = up;
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    uc->flags = flags;
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    uc->is_streamed = 0; /* default = not streamed */
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    uc->max_packet_size = 0; /* default: stream file */
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    if (up->priv_data_size) {
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        uc->priv_data = av_mallocz(up->priv_data_size);
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        if (up->priv_data_class) {
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            *(const AVClass**)uc->priv_data = up->priv_data_class;
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            av_opt_set_defaults(uc->priv_data);
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        }
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    }
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    *puc = uc;
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    return 0;
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 fail:
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    *puc = NULL;
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#if CONFIG_NETWORK
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    ff_network_close();
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#endif
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    return err;
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}
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int ffurl_connect(URLContext* uc)
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{
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    int err = uc->prot->url_open(uc, uc->filename, uc->flags);
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    if (err)
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        return err;
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    uc->is_connected = 1;
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    //We must be careful here as url_seek() could be slow, for example for http
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    if(   (uc->flags & (URL_WRONLY | URL_RDWR))
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       || !strcmp(uc->prot->name, "file"))
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        if(!uc->is_streamed && url_seek(uc, 0, SEEK_SET) < 0)
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            uc->is_streamed= 1;
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    return 0;
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}
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#if FF_API_OLD_AVIO
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int url_open_protocol (URLContext **puc, struct URLProtocol *up,
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                       const char *filename, int flags)
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{
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    int ret;
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    ret = url_alloc_for_protocol(puc, up, filename, flags);
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    if (ret)
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        goto fail;
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    ret = ffurl_connect(*puc);
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    if (!ret)
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        return 0;
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 fail:
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    url_close(*puc);
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    *puc = NULL;
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    return ret;
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}
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int url_alloc(URLContext **puc, const char *filename, int flags)
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{
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    return ffurl_alloc(puc, filename, flags);
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}
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int url_connect(URLContext* uc)
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{
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    return ffurl_connect(uc);
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}
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int url_open(URLContext **puc, const char *filename, int flags)
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{
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    return ffurl_open(puc, filename, flags);
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}
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int url_read(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size)
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{
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    return ffurl_read(h, buf, size);
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}
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#endif
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#define URL_SCHEME_CHARS                        \
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    "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"                \
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    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"                \
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    "0123456789+-."
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int ffurl_alloc(URLContext **puc, const char *filename, int flags)
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{
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    URLProtocol *up;
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    char proto_str[128], proto_nested[128], *ptr;
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    size_t proto_len = strspn(filename, URL_SCHEME_CHARS);
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    if (filename[proto_len] != ':' || is_dos_path(filename))
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        strcpy(proto_str, "file");
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    else
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        av_strlcpy(proto_str, filename, FFMIN(proto_len+1, sizeof(proto_str)));
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    av_strlcpy(proto_nested, proto_str, sizeof(proto_nested));
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    if ((ptr = strchr(proto_nested, '+')))
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        *ptr = '\0';
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    up = first_protocol;
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    while (up != NULL) {
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        if (!strcmp(proto_str, up->name))
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            return url_alloc_for_protocol (puc, up, filename, flags);
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        if (up->flags & URL_PROTOCOL_FLAG_NESTED_SCHEME &&
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            !strcmp(proto_nested, up->name))
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            return url_alloc_for_protocol (puc, up, filename, flags);
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        up = up->next;
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    }
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    *puc = NULL;
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    return AVERROR(ENOENT);
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}
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int ffurl_open(URLContext **puc, const char *filename, int flags)
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{
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    int ret = ffurl_alloc(puc, filename, flags);
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    if (ret)
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        return ret;
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    ret = ffurl_connect(*puc);
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    if (!ret)
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        return 0;
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    url_close(*puc);
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    *puc = NULL;
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    return ret;
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}
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static inline int retry_transfer_wrapper(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size, int size_min,
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                                         int (*transfer_func)(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size))
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{
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    int ret, len;
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    int fast_retries = 5;
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    len = 0;
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    while (len < size_min) {
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        ret = transfer_func(h, buf+len, size-len);
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        if (ret == AVERROR(EINTR))
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            continue;
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        if (h->flags & URL_FLAG_NONBLOCK)
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            return ret;
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        if (ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN)) {
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            ret = 0;
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            if (fast_retries)
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                fast_retries--;
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            else
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                usleep(1000);
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        } else if (ret < 1)
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            return ret < 0 ? ret : len;
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        if (ret)
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           fast_retries = FFMAX(fast_retries, 2);
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        len += ret;
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        if (url_interrupt_cb())
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            return AVERROR_EXIT;
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    }
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    return len;
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}
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int ffurl_read(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size)
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{
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    if (h->flags & URL_WRONLY)
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        return AVERROR(EIO);
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    return retry_transfer_wrapper(h, buf, size, 1, h->prot->url_read);
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}
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int url_read_complete(URLContext *h, unsigned char *buf, int size)
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{
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    if (h->flags & URL_WRONLY)
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        return AVERROR(EIO);
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    return retry_transfer_wrapper(h, buf, size, size, h->prot->url_read);
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}
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int url_write(URLContext *h, const unsigned char *buf, int size)
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{
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    if (!(h->flags & (URL_WRONLY | URL_RDWR)))
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        return AVERROR(EIO);
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    /* avoid sending too big packets */
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    if (h->max_packet_size && size > h->max_packet_size)
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        return AVERROR(EIO);
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    return retry_transfer_wrapper(h, buf, size, size, h->prot->url_write);
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}
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int64_t url_seek(URLContext *h, int64_t pos, int whence)
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{
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    int64_t ret;
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    if (!h->prot->url_seek)
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        return AVERROR(ENOSYS);
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    ret = h->prot->url_seek(h, pos, whence & ~AVSEEK_FORCE);
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    return ret;
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}
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int url_close(URLContext *h)
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{
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    int ret = 0;
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    if (!h) return 0; /* can happen when ffurl_open fails */
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    if (h->is_connected && h->prot->url_close)
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        ret = h->prot->url_close(h);
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#if CONFIG_NETWORK
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    ff_network_close();
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#endif
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    if (h->prot->priv_data_size)
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        av_free(h->priv_data);
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    av_free(h);
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    return ret;
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}
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int url_exist(const char *filename)
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{
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    URLContext *h;
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    if (ffurl_open(&h, filename, URL_RDONLY) < 0)
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        return 0;
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    url_close(h);
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    return 1;
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}
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int64_t url_filesize(URLContext *h)
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{
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    int64_t pos, size;
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    size= url_seek(h, 0, AVSEEK_SIZE);
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    if(size<0){
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        pos = url_seek(h, 0, SEEK_CUR);
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        if ((size = url_seek(h, -1, SEEK_END)) < 0)
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            return size;
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        size++;
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        url_seek(h, pos, SEEK_SET);
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    }
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    return size;
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}
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int url_get_file_handle(URLContext *h)
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{
342
    if (!h->prot->url_get_file_handle)
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        return -1;
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    return h->prot->url_get_file_handle(h);
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}
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int url_get_max_packet_size(URLContext *h)
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{
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    return h->max_packet_size;
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}
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void url_get_filename(URLContext *h, char *buf, int buf_size)
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{
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    av_strlcpy(buf, h->filename, buf_size);
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}
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static int default_interrupt_cb(void)
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{
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    return 0;
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}
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void url_set_interrupt_cb(URLInterruptCB *interrupt_cb)
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{
365
    if (!interrupt_cb)
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        interrupt_cb = default_interrupt_cb;
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    url_interrupt_cb = interrupt_cb;
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}
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int av_url_read_pause(URLContext *h, int pause)
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{
372
    if (!h->prot->url_read_pause)
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        return AVERROR(ENOSYS);
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    return h->prot->url_read_pause(h, pause);
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}
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int64_t av_url_read_seek(URLContext *h,
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        int stream_index, int64_t timestamp, int flags)
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{
380
    if (!h->prot->url_read_seek)
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        return AVERROR(ENOSYS);
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    return h->prot->url_read_seek(h, stream_index, timestamp, flags);
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}