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/*
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 * H.26L/H.264/AVC/JVT/14496-10/... encoder/decoder
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 * Copyright (c) 2003 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>
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 *
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 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
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 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
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 *
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 */
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/**
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 * @file cabac.h
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 * Context Adaptive Binary Arithmetic Coder.
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 */
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//#undef NDEBUG
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#include <assert.h>
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#define CABAC_BITS 8
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#define CABAC_MASK ((1<<CABAC_BITS)-1)
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typedef struct CABACContext{
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    int low;
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    int range;
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    int outstanding_count;
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#ifdef STRICT_LIMITS
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    int symCount;
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#endif
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    uint8_t lps_range[2*65][4];   ///< rangeTabLPS
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    uint8_t lps_state[2*64];      ///< transIdxLPS
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    uint8_t mps_state[2*64];      ///< transIdxMPS
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    const uint8_t *bytestream_start;
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    const uint8_t *bytestream;
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    const uint8_t *bytestream_end;
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    PutBitContext pb;
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}CABACContext;
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extern const uint8_t ff_h264_lps_range[64][4];
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extern const uint8_t ff_h264_mps_state[64];
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extern const uint8_t ff_h264_lps_state[64];
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extern const uint8_t ff_h264_norm_shift[256];
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void ff_init_cabac_encoder(CABACContext *c, uint8_t *buf, int buf_size);
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void ff_init_cabac_decoder(CABACContext *c, const uint8_t *buf, int buf_size);
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void ff_init_cabac_states(CABACContext *c, uint8_t const (*lps_range)[4],
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                          uint8_t const *mps_state, uint8_t const *lps_state, int state_count);
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static inline void put_cabac_bit(CABACContext *c, int b){
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    put_bits(&c->pb, 1, b);
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    for(;c->outstanding_count; c->outstanding_count--){
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        put_bits(&c->pb, 1, 1-b);
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    }
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}
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static inline void renorm_cabac_encoder(CABACContext *c){
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    while(c->range < 0x100){
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        //FIXME optimize
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        if(c->low<0x100){
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            put_cabac_bit(c, 0);
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        }else if(c->low<0x200){
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            c->outstanding_count++;
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            c->low -= 0x100;
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        }else{
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            put_cabac_bit(c, 1);
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            c->low -= 0x200;
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        }
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        c->range+= c->range;
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        c->low += c->low;
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    }
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}
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static inline void put_cabac(CABACContext *c, uint8_t * const state, int bit){
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    int RangeLPS= c->lps_range[*state][c->range>>6];
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    if(bit == ((*state)&1)){
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        c->range -= RangeLPS;
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        *state= c->mps_state[*state];
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    }else{
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        c->low += c->range - RangeLPS;
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        c->range = RangeLPS;
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        *state= c->lps_state[*state];
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    }
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    renorm_cabac_encoder(c);
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#ifdef STRICT_LIMITS
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    c->symCount++;
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#endif
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}
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static inline void put_cabac_static(CABACContext *c, int RangeLPS, int bit){
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    assert(c->range > RangeLPS);
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    if(!bit){
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        c->range -= RangeLPS;
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    }else{
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        c->low += c->range - RangeLPS;
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        c->range = RangeLPS;
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    }
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    renorm_cabac_encoder(c);
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#ifdef STRICT_LIMITS
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    c->symCount++;
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#endif
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}
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/**
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 * @param bit 0 -> write zero bit, !=0 write one bit
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 */
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static inline void put_cabac_bypass(CABACContext *c, int bit){
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    c->low += c->low;
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    if(bit){
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        c->low += c->range;
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    }
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//FIXME optimize
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    if(c->low<0x200){
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        put_cabac_bit(c, 0);
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    }else if(c->low<0x400){
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        c->outstanding_count++;
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        c->low -= 0x200;
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    }else{
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        put_cabac_bit(c, 1);
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        c->low -= 0x400;
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    }
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#ifdef STRICT_LIMITS
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    c->symCount++;
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#endif
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}
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/**
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 *
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 * @return the number of bytes written
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 */
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static inline int put_cabac_terminate(CABACContext *c, int bit){
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    c->range -= 2;
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    if(!bit){
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        renorm_cabac_encoder(c);
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    }else{
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        c->low += c->range;
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        c->range= 2;
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        renorm_cabac_encoder(c);
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        assert(c->low <= 0x1FF);
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        put_cabac_bit(c, c->low>>9);
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        put_bits(&c->pb, 2, ((c->low>>7)&3)|1);
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        flush_put_bits(&c->pb); //FIXME FIXME FIXME XXX wrong
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    }
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#ifdef STRICT_LIMITS
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    c->symCount++;
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#endif
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    return (put_bits_count(&c->pb)+7)>>3;
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}
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/**
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 * put (truncated) unary binarization.
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 */
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static inline void put_cabac_u(CABACContext *c, uint8_t * state, int v, int max, int max_index, int truncated){
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    int i;
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    assert(v <= max);
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#if 1
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    for(i=0; i<v; i++){
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        put_cabac(c, state, 1);
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        if(i < max_index) state++;
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    }
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    if(truncated==0 || v<max)
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        put_cabac(c, state, 0);
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#else
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    if(v <= max_index){
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        for(i=0; i<v; i++){
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            put_cabac(c, state+i, 1);
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        }
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        if(truncated==0 || v<max)
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            put_cabac(c, state+i, 0);
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    }else{
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        for(i=0; i<=max_index; i++){
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            put_cabac(c, state+i, 1);
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        }
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        for(; i<v; i++){
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            put_cabac(c, state+max_index, 1);
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        }
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        if(truncated==0 || v<max)
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            put_cabac(c, state+max_index, 0);
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    }
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#endif
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}
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/**
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 * put unary exp golomb k-th order binarization.
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 */
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static inline void put_cabac_ueg(CABACContext *c, uint8_t * state, int v, int max, int is_signed, int k, int max_index){
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    int i;
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    if(v==0)
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        put_cabac(c, state, 0);
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    else{
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        const int sign= v < 0;
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        if(is_signed) v= ABS(v);
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        if(v<max){
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            for(i=0; i<v; i++){
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                put_cabac(c, state, 1);
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                if(i < max_index) state++;
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            }
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            put_cabac(c, state, 0);
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        }else{
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            int m= 1<<k;
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            for(i=0; i<max; i++){
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                put_cabac(c, state, 1);
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                if(i < max_index) state++;
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            }
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            v -= max;
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            while(v >= m){ //FIXME optimize
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                put_cabac_bypass(c, 1);
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                v-= m;
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                m+= m;
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            }
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            put_cabac_bypass(c, 0);
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            while(m>>=1){
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                put_cabac_bypass(c, v&m);
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            }
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        }
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        if(is_signed)
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            put_cabac_bypass(c, sign);
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    }
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}
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static void refill(CABACContext *c){
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    if(c->bytestream <= c->bytestream_end)
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#if CABAC_BITS == 16
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        c->low+= ((c->bytestream[0]<<9) + (c->bytestream[1])<<1);
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#else
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        c->low+= c->bytestream[0]<<1;
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#endif
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    c->low -= CABAC_MASK;
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    c->bytestream+= CABAC_BITS/8;
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}
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#if 0 /* all use commented */
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static void refill2(CABACContext *c){
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    int i, x;
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    x= c->low ^ (c->low-1);
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    i= 8 - ff_h264_norm_shift[x>>(CABAC_BITS+1)];
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    x= -CABAC_MASK;
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    if(c->bytestream < c->bytestream_end)
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#if CABAC_BITS == 16
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        x+= (c->bytestream[0]<<9) + (c->bytestream[1]<<1);
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#else
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        x+= c->bytestream[0]<<1;
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#endif
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    c->low += x<<i;
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    c->bytestream+= CABAC_BITS/8;
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}
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#endif
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static inline void renorm_cabac_decoder(CABACContext *c){
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    while(c->range < (0x200 << CABAC_BITS)){
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        c->range+= c->range;
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        c->low+= c->low;
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        if(!(c->low & CABAC_MASK))
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            refill(c);
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    }
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}
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static inline void renorm_cabac_decoder_once(CABACContext *c){
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    int shift= (uint32_t)(c->range - (0x200 << CABAC_BITS))>>31;
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    c->range<<= shift;
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    c->low  <<= shift;
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    if(!(c->low & CABAC_MASK))
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        refill(c);
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}
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static inline int get_cabac(CABACContext *c, uint8_t * const state){
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    //FIXME gcc generates duplicate load/stores for c->low and c->range
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    int s = *state;
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    int RangeLPS= c->lps_range[s][c->range>>(CABAC_BITS+7)]<<(CABAC_BITS+1);
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    int bit, lps_mask attribute_unused;
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    c->range -= RangeLPS;
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#if 1
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    if(c->low < c->range){
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        bit= s&1;
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        *state= c->mps_state[s];
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        renorm_cabac_decoder_once(c);
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    }else{
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//        int shift= ff_h264_norm_shift[RangeLPS>>17];
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        bit= (s&1)^1;
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        c->low -= c->range;
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        *state= c->lps_state[s];
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        c->range = RangeLPS;
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        renorm_cabac_decoder(c);
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/*        c->range = RangeLPS<<shift;
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        c->low <<= shift;
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        if(!(c->low & 0xFFFF)){
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            refill2(c);
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        }*/
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    }
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#else
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    lps_mask= (c->range - c->low)>>31;
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    c->low -= c->range & lps_mask;
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    c->range += (RangeLPS - c->range) & lps_mask;
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    bit= (s^lps_mask)&1;
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    *state= c->mps_state[s - (128&lps_mask)];
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    lps_mask= ff_h264_norm_shift[c->range>>(CABAC_BITS+2)];
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    c->range<<= lps_mask;
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    c->low  <<= lps_mask;
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    if(!(c->low & CABAC_MASK))
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        refill2(c);
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#endif
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    return bit;
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}
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static inline int get_cabac_bypass(CABACContext *c){
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    c->low += c->low;
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    if(!(c->low & CABAC_MASK))
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        refill(c);
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    if(c->low < c->range){
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        return 0;
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    }else{
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        c->low -= c->range;
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        return 1;
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    }
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}
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/**
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 *
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 * @return the number of bytes read or 0 if no end
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 */
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static inline int get_cabac_terminate(CABACContext *c){
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    c->range -= 4<<CABAC_BITS;
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    if(c->low < c->range){
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        renorm_cabac_decoder_once(c);
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        return 0;
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    }else{
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        return c->bytestream - c->bytestream_start;
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    }
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}
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/**
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 * get (truncated) unnary binarization.
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 */
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static inline int get_cabac_u(CABACContext *c, uint8_t * state, int max, int max_index, int truncated){
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    int i;
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    for(i=0; i<max; i++){
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        if(get_cabac(c, state)==0)
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            return i;
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        if(i< max_index) state++;
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    }
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    return truncated ? max : -1;
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}
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/**
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 * get unary exp golomb k-th order binarization.
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 */
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static inline int get_cabac_ueg(CABACContext *c, uint8_t * state, int max, int is_signed, int k, int max_index){
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    int i, v;
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    int m= 1<<k;
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    if(get_cabac(c, state)==0)
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        return 0;
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    if(0 < max_index) state++;
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    for(i=1; i<max; i++){
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        if(get_cabac(c, state)==0){
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            if(is_signed && get_cabac_bypass(c)){
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                return -i;
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            }else
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                return i;
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        }
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        if(i < max_index) state++;
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    }
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    while(get_cabac_bypass(c)){
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        i+= m;
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        m+= m;
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    }
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    v=0;
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    while(m>>=1){
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        v+= v + get_cabac_bypass(c);
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    }
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    i += v;
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    if(is_signed && get_cabac_bypass(c)){
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        return -i;
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    }else
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        return i;
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}