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/*
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 * 4X Technologies .4xm File Demuxer (no muxer)
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 * Copyright (c) 2003  The ffmpeg Project
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 *
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 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
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 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
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 */
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/**
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 * @file 4xm.c
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 * 4X Technologies file demuxer
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 * by Mike Melanson (melanson@pcisys.net)
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 * for more information on the .4xm file format, visit:
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 *   http://www.pcisys.net/~melanson/codecs/
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 */
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#include "avformat.h"
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#define LE_16(x)  ((((uint8_t*)(x))[1] << 8) | ((uint8_t*)(x))[0])
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#define LE_32(x)  ((((uint8_t*)(x))[3] << 24) | \
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                   (((uint8_t*)(x))[2] << 16) | \
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                   (((uint8_t*)(x))[1] << 8) | \
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                    ((uint8_t*)(x))[0])
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#define FOURCC_TAG( ch0, ch1, ch2, ch3 ) \
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        ( (long)(unsigned char)(ch0) | \
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        ( (long)(unsigned char)(ch1) << 8 ) | \
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        ( (long)(unsigned char)(ch2) << 16 ) | \
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        ( (long)(unsigned char)(ch3) << 24 ) )
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#define  RIFF_TAG FOURCC_TAG('R', 'I', 'F', 'F')
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#define _4XMV_TAG FOURCC_TAG('4', 'X', 'M', 'V')
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#define  LIST_TAG FOURCC_TAG('L', 'I', 'S', 'T')
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#define  HEAD_TAG FOURCC_TAG('H', 'E', 'A', 'D')
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#define  TRK__TAG FOURCC_TAG('T', 'R', 'K', '_')
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#define  MOVI_TAG FOURCC_TAG('M', 'O', 'V', 'I')
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#define  VTRK_TAG FOURCC_TAG('V', 'T', 'R', 'K')
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#define  STRK_TAG FOURCC_TAG('S', 'T', 'R', 'K')
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#define  std__TAG FOURCC_TAG('s', 't', 'd', '_')
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#define  name_TAG FOURCC_TAG('n', 'a', 'm', 'e')
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#define  vtrk_TAG FOURCC_TAG('v', 't', 'r', 'k')
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#define  strk_TAG FOURCC_TAG('s', 't', 'r', 'k')
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#define  ifrm_TAG FOURCC_TAG('i', 'f', 'r', 'm')
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#define  pfrm_TAG FOURCC_TAG('p', 'f', 'r', 'm')
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#define  cfrm_TAG FOURCC_TAG('c', 'f', 'r', 'm')
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#define  snd__TAG FOURCC_TAG('s', 'n', 'd', '_')
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#define  _TAG FOURCC_TAG('', '', '', '')
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#define vtrk_SIZE 0x44
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#define strk_SIZE 0x28
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#define GET_LIST_HEADER() \
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    fourcc_tag = get_le32(pb); \
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    size = get_le32(pb); \
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    if (fourcc_tag != LIST_TAG) \
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        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA; \
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    fourcc_tag = get_le32(pb);
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typedef struct AudioTrack {
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    int sample_rate;
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    int bits;
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    int channels;
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    int stream_index;
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    int adpcm;
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} AudioTrack;
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typedef struct FourxmDemuxContext {
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    int width;
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    int height;
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    int video_stream_index;
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    int track_count;
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    AudioTrack *tracks;
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    int selected_track;
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    int64_t audio_pts;
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    int64_t video_pts;
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    int video_pts_inc;
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    float fps;
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} FourxmDemuxContext;
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static float get_le_float(unsigned char *buffer)
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{
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    float f;
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    unsigned char *float_buffer = (unsigned char *)&f;
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#ifdef WORDS_BIGENDIAN
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    float_buffer[0] = buffer[3];
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    float_buffer[1] = buffer[2];
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    float_buffer[2] = buffer[1];
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    float_buffer[3] = buffer[0];
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#else
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    float_buffer[0] = buffer[0];
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    float_buffer[1] = buffer[1];
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    float_buffer[2] = buffer[2];
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    float_buffer[3] = buffer[3];
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#endif
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    return f;
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}
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static int fourxm_probe(AVProbeData *p)
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{
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    if (p->buf_size < 12)
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        return 0;
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    if ((LE_32(&p->buf[0]) != RIFF_TAG) ||
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        (LE_32(&p->buf[8]) != _4XMV_TAG))
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        return 0;
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    return AVPROBE_SCORE_MAX;
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}
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static int fourxm_read_header(AVFormatContext *s,
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                              AVFormatParameters *ap)
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{
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    ByteIOContext *pb = &s->pb;
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    unsigned int fourcc_tag;
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    unsigned int size;
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    int header_size;
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    FourxmDemuxContext *fourxm = (FourxmDemuxContext *)s->priv_data;
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    unsigned char *header;
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    int i;
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    int current_track = -1;
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    AVStream *st;
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    fourxm->track_count = 0;
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    fourxm->tracks = NULL;
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    fourxm->selected_track = 0;
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    fourxm->fps = 1.0;
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    /* skip the first 3 32-bit numbers */
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    url_fseek(pb, 12, SEEK_CUR);
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    /* check for LIST-HEAD */
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    GET_LIST_HEADER();
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    header_size = size - 4;
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    if (fourcc_tag != HEAD_TAG)
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        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
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    /* allocate space for the header and load the whole thing */
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    header = av_malloc(header_size);
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    if (!header)
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        return AVERROR_NOMEM;
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    if (get_buffer(pb, header, header_size) != header_size)
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        return AVERROR_IO;
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    /* take the lazy approach and search for any and all vtrk and strk chunks */
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    for (i = 0; i < header_size - 8; i++) {
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        fourcc_tag = LE_32(&header[i]);
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        size = LE_32(&header[i + 4]);
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        if (fourcc_tag == std__TAG) {
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            fourxm->fps = get_le_float(&header[i + 12]);
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            fourxm->video_pts_inc = (int)(90000.0 / fourxm->fps);
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        } else if (fourcc_tag == vtrk_TAG) {
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            /* check that there is enough data */
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            if (size != vtrk_SIZE) {
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                av_free(header);
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                return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
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            }
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            fourxm->width = LE_32(&header[i + 36]);
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            fourxm->height = LE_32(&header[i + 40]);
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            i += 8 + size;
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            /* allocate a new AVStream */
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            st = av_new_stream(s, 0);
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            if (!st)
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                return AVERROR_NOMEM;
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            fourxm->video_stream_index = st->index;
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            st->codec.frame_rate = fourxm->fps;
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            st->codec.frame_rate_base = 1.0;
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            st->codec.codec_type = CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO;
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            st->codec.codec_id = CODEC_ID_4XM;
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            st->codec.codec_tag = 0;  /* no fourcc */
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            st->codec.width = fourxm->width;
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            st->codec.height = fourxm->height;
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        } else if (fourcc_tag == strk_TAG) {
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            /* check that there is enough data */
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            if (size != strk_SIZE) {
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                av_free(header);
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                return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
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            }
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            current_track = LE_32(&header[i + 8]);
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            if (current_track + 1 > fourxm->track_count) {
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                fourxm->track_count = current_track + 1;
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                fourxm->tracks = av_realloc(fourxm->tracks, 
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                    fourxm->track_count * sizeof(AudioTrack));
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                if (!fourxm->tracks) {
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                    av_free(header);
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                    return AVERROR_NOMEM;
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                }
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            }
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            fourxm->tracks[current_track].adpcm = LE_32(&header[i + 12]);
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            fourxm->tracks[current_track].channels = LE_32(&header[i + 36]);
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            fourxm->tracks[current_track].sample_rate = LE_32(&header[i + 40]);
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            fourxm->tracks[current_track].bits = LE_32(&header[i + 44]);
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            i += 8 + size;
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            /* allocate a new AVStream */
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            st = av_new_stream(s, current_track);
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            if (!st)
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                return AVERROR_NOMEM;
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            fourxm->tracks[current_track].stream_index = st->index;
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            st->codec.codec_type = CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO;
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            st->codec.codec_tag = 1;
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            st->codec.channels = fourxm->tracks[current_track].channels;
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            st->codec.sample_rate = fourxm->tracks[current_track].sample_rate;
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            st->codec.bits_per_sample = fourxm->tracks[current_track].bits;
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            st->codec.bit_rate = st->codec.channels * st->codec.sample_rate *
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                st->codec.bits_per_sample;
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            st->codec.block_align = st->codec.channels * st->codec.bits_per_sample;
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            if (fourxm->tracks[current_track].adpcm)
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                st->codec.codec_id = CODEC_ID_ADPCM_4XM;
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            else if (st->codec.bits_per_sample == 8)
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                st->codec.codec_id = CODEC_ID_PCM_U8;
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            else
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                st->codec.codec_id = CODEC_ID_PCM_S16LE;
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        }
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    }
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    av_free(header);
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    /* skip over the LIST-MOVI chunk (which is where the stream should be */
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    GET_LIST_HEADER();
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    if (fourcc_tag != MOVI_TAG)
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        return AVERROR_INVALIDDATA;
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    /* initialize context members */
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    fourxm->video_pts = -fourxm->video_pts_inc;  /* first frame will push to 0 */
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    fourxm->audio_pts = 0;
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    /* set the pts reference (1 pts = 1/90000) */
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    s->pts_num = 1;
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    s->pts_den = 90000;
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    return 0;
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}
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static int fourxm_read_packet(AVFormatContext *s,
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                              AVPacket *pkt)
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{
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    FourxmDemuxContext *fourxm = s->priv_data;
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    ByteIOContext *pb = &s->pb;
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    unsigned int fourcc_tag;
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    unsigned int size, out_size;
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    int ret = 0;
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    int track_number;
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    int packet_read = 0;
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    unsigned char header[8];
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    int64_t pts_inc;
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    int audio_frame_count;
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    while (!packet_read) {
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        if ((ret = get_buffer(&s->pb, header, 8)) < 0)
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            return ret;
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        fourcc_tag = LE_32(&header[0]);
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        size = LE_32(&header[4]);
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        if (url_feof(pb))
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            return -EIO;
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        switch (fourcc_tag) {
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        case LIST_TAG:
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            /* this is a good time to bump the video pts */
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            fourxm->video_pts += fourxm->video_pts_inc;
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            /* skip the LIST-* tag and move on to the next fourcc */
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            get_le32(pb);
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            break;
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        case ifrm_TAG:
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        case pfrm_TAG:
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        case cfrm_TAG:{
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            /* allocate 8 more bytes than 'size' to account for fourcc
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             * and size */
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            if (av_new_packet(pkt, size + 8))
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                return -EIO;
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            pkt->stream_index = fourxm->video_stream_index;
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            pkt->pts = fourxm->video_pts;
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            memcpy(pkt->data, header, 8);
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            ret = get_buffer(&s->pb, &pkt->data[8], size);
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            if (ret < 0)
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                av_free_packet(pkt);
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            else
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                packet_read = 1;
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            break;
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        }
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        case snd__TAG:
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            track_number = get_le32(pb);
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            out_size= get_le32(pb);
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            size-=8;
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            if (track_number == fourxm->selected_track) {
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                if (av_new_packet(pkt, size))
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                    return -EIO;
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                pkt->stream_index = 
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                    fourxm->tracks[fourxm->selected_track].stream_index;
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                pkt->pts = fourxm->audio_pts;
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                ret = get_buffer(&s->pb, pkt->data, size);
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                if (ret < 0)
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                    av_free_packet(pkt);
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                else
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                    packet_read = 1;
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                /* pts accounting */
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                audio_frame_count = size;
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                if (fourxm->tracks[fourxm->selected_track].adpcm)
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                    audio_frame_count -= 
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                        2 * (fourxm->tracks[fourxm->selected_track].channels);
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                audio_frame_count /=
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                      fourxm->tracks[fourxm->selected_track].channels;
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                if (fourxm->tracks[fourxm->selected_track].adpcm)
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                    audio_frame_count *= 2;
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                else 
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                    audio_frame_count /=
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                    (fourxm->tracks[fourxm->selected_track].bits / 8);
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                pts_inc = audio_frame_count;
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                pts_inc *= 90000;
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                pts_inc /= fourxm->tracks[fourxm->selected_track].sample_rate;
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                fourxm->audio_pts += pts_inc;
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            } else {
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                url_fseek(pb, size, SEEK_CUR);
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            }
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            break;
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        default:
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            url_fseek(pb, size, SEEK_CUR);
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            break;
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        }
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    }
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    return ret;
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}
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static int fourxm_read_close(AVFormatContext *s)
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{
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    FourxmDemuxContext *fourxm = (FourxmDemuxContext *)s->priv_data;
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    av_free(fourxm->tracks);
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    return 0;
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}
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static AVInputFormat fourxm_iformat = {
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    "4xm",
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    "4X Technologies format",
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    sizeof(FourxmDemuxContext),
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    fourxm_probe,
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    fourxm_read_header,
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    fourxm_read_packet,
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    fourxm_read_close,
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};
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int fourxm_init(void)
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{
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    av_register_input_format(&fourxm_iformat);
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    return 0;
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}