ffmpeg / libavcodec / lagarith.c @ d36beb3f
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/*


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* Lagarith lossless decoder

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* Copyright (c) 2009 Nathan Caldwell <saintdev (at) gmail.com>

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*

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* This file is part of FFmpeg.

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*

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* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or

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* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public

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* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either

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* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

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*

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* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,

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* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of

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* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU

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* Lesser General Public License for more details.

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*

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* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public

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* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software

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* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 021101301 USA

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*/

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/**

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* @file libavcodec/lagarith.c

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* Lagarith lossless decoder

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* @author Nathan Caldwell

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*/

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#include "avcodec.h" 
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#include "get_bits.h" 
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#include "mathops.h" 
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#include "dsputil.h" 
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#include "lagarithrac.h" 
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enum LagarithFrameType {

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FRAME_RAW = 1, /*!< uncompressed */ 
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FRAME_U_RGB24 = 2, /*!< unaligned RGB24 */ 
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FRAME_ARITH_YUY2 = 3, /*!< arithmetic coded YUY2 */ 
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FRAME_ARITH_RGB24 = 4, /*!< arithmetic coded RGB24 */ 
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FRAME_SOLID_GRAY = 5, /*!< solid grayscale color frame */ 
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FRAME_SOLID_COLOR = 6, /*!< solid nongrayscale color frame */ 
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FRAME_OLD_ARITH_RGB = 7, /*!< obsolete arithmetic coded RGB (no longer encoded by upstream since version 1.1.0) */ 
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FRAME_ARITH_RGBA = 8, /*!< arithmetic coded RGBA */ 
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FRAME_SOLID_RGBA = 9, /*!< solid RGBA color frame */ 
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FRAME_ARITH_YV12 = 10, /*!< arithmetic coded YV12 */ 
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FRAME_REDUCED_RES = 11, /*!< reduced resolution YV12 frame */ 
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}; 
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typedef struct LagarithContext { 
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AVCodecContext *avctx; 
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AVFrame picture; 
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DSPContext dsp; 
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int zeros; /*!< number of consecutive zero bytes encountered */ 
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int zeros_rem; /*!< number of zero bytes remaining to output */ 
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} LagarithContext; 
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/**

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* Compute the 52bit mantissa of 1/(double)denom.

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* This crazy format uses floats in an entropy coder and we have to match x86

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* rounding exactly, thus ordinary floats aren't portable enough.

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* @param denom denominator

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* @return 52bit mantissa

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* @see softfloat_mul

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*/

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static uint64_t softfloat_reciprocal(uint32_t denom)

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{ 
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int shift = av_log2(denom  1) + 1; 
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uint64_t ret = (1ULL << 52) / denom; 
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uint64_t err = (1ULL << 52)  ret * denom; 
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ret <<= shift; 
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err <<= shift; 
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err += denom / 2;

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return ret + err / denom;

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} 
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/**

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* (uint32_t)(x*f), where f has the given mantissa, and exponent 0

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* Used in combination with softfloat_reciprocal computes x/(double)denom.

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* @param x 32bit integer factor

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* @param mantissa mantissa of f with exponent 0

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* @return 32bit integer value (x*f)

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* @see softfloat_reciprocal

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*/

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static uint32_t softfloat_mul(uint32_t x, uint64_t mantissa)

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{ 
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uint64_t l = x * (mantissa & 0xffffffff);

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uint64_t h = x * (mantissa >> 32);

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h += l >> 32;

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l &= 0xffffffff;

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l += 1 << av_log2(h >> 21); 
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h += l >> 32;

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return h >> 20; 
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} 
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static uint8_t lag_calc_zero_run(int8_t x)

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{ 
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return (x << 1) ^ (x >> 7); 
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} 
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static int lag_decode_prob(GetBitContext *gb, uint32_t *value) 
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{ 
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static const uint8_t series[] = { 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21 }; 
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int i;

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int bit = 0; 
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int bits = 0; 
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int prevbit = 0; 
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unsigned val;

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for (i = 0; i < 7; i++) { 
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if (prevbit && bit)

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break;

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prevbit = bit; 
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bit = get_bits1(gb); 
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if (bit && !prevbit)

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bits += series[i]; 
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} 
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bits; 
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if (bits < 0  bits > 31) { 
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*value = 0;

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return 1; 
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} else if (bits == 0) { 
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*value = 0;

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return 0; 
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} 
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val = get_bits_long(gb, bits); 
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val = 1 << bits;

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*value = val  1;

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return 0; 
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} 
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static int lag_read_prob_header(lag_rac *rac, GetBitContext *gb) 
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{ 
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int i, j, scale_factor;

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unsigned prob, cumulative_target;

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unsigned cumul_prob = 0; 
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unsigned scaled_cumul_prob = 0; 
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rac>prob[0] = 0; 
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rac>prob[257] = UINT_MAX;

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/* Read probabilities from bitstream */

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for (i = 1; i < 257; i++) { 
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if (lag_decode_prob(gb, &rac>prob[i]) < 0) { 
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av_log(rac>avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid probability encountered.\n");

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return 1; 
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} 
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if ((uint64_t)cumul_prob + rac>prob[i] > UINT_MAX) {

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av_log(rac>avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Integer overflow encountered in cumulative probability calculation.\n");

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return 1; 
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} 
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cumul_prob += rac>prob[i]; 
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if (!rac>prob[i]) {

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if (lag_decode_prob(gb, &prob)) {

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av_log(rac>avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid probability run encountered.\n");

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return 1; 
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} 
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if (prob > 257  i) 
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prob = 257  i;

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for (j = 0; j < prob; j++) 
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rac>prob[++i] = 0;

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} 
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} 
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if (!cumul_prob) {

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av_log(rac>avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "All probabilities are 0!\n");

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return 1; 
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} 
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/* Scale probabilities so cumulative probability is an even power of 2. */

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scale_factor = av_log2(cumul_prob); 
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if (cumul_prob & (cumul_prob  1)) { 
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uint64_t mul = softfloat_reciprocal(cumul_prob); 
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for (i = 1; i < 257; i++) { 
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rac>prob[i] = softfloat_mul(rac>prob[i], mul); 
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scaled_cumul_prob += rac>prob[i]; 
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} 
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scale_factor++; 
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cumulative_target = 1 << scale_factor;

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if (scaled_cumul_prob > cumulative_target) {

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av_log(rac>avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, 
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"Scaled probabilities are larger than target!\n");

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return 1; 
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} 
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scaled_cumul_prob = cumulative_target  scaled_cumul_prob; 
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for (i = 1; scaled_cumul_prob; i = (i & 0x7f) + 1) { 
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if (rac>prob[i]) {

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rac>prob[i]++; 
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scaled_cumul_prob; 
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} 
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/* Comment from reference source:

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* if (b & 0x80 == 0) { // order of operations is 'wrong'; it has been left this way

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* // since the compression change is negligable and fixing it

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* // breaks backwards compatibilty

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* b = (signed int)b;

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* b &= 0xFF;

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* } else {

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* b++;

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* b &= 0x7f;

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* }

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*/

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} 
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} 
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rac>scale = scale_factor; 
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/* Fill probability array with cumulative probability for each symbol. */

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for (i = 1; i < 257; i++) 
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rac>prob[i] += rac>prob[i  1];

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return 0; 
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} 
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static void add_lag_median_prediction(uint8_t *dst, uint8_t *src1, 
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uint8_t *diff, int w, int *left, 
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int *left_top)

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{ 
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/* This is almost identical to add_hfyu_median_prediction in dsputil.h.

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* However the &0xFF on the gradient predictor yealds incorrect output

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* for lagarith.

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*/

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int i;

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uint8_t l, lt; 
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l = *left; 
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lt = *left_top; 
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for (i = 0; i < w; i++) { 
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l = mid_pred(l, src1[i], l + src1[i]  lt) + diff[i]; 
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lt = src1[i]; 
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dst[i] = l; 
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} 
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*left = l; 
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*left_top = lt; 
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} 
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static void lag_pred_line(LagarithContext *l, uint8_t *buf, 
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int width, int stride, int line) 
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{ 
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int L, TL;

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if (!line) {

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/* Left prediction only for first line */

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L = l>dsp.add_hfyu_left_prediction(buf + 1, buf + 1, 
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width  1, buf[0]); 
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return;

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} else if (line == 1) { 
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/* Second line, left predict first pixel, the rest of the line is median predicted */

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/* FIXME: In the case of RGB this pixel is top predicted */

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TL = buf[stride]; 
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} else {

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/* Top left is 2 rows back, last pixel */

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TL = buf[width  (2 * stride)  1]; 
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} 
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/* Left pixel is actually prev_row[width] */

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L = buf[width  stride  1];

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add_lag_median_prediction(buf, buf  stride, buf, 
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width, &L, &TL); 
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} 
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static int lag_decode_line(LagarithContext *l, lag_rac *rac, 
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uint8_t *dst, int width, int stride, 
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int esc_count)

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{ 
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int i = 0; 
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int ret = 0; 
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if (!esc_count)

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esc_count = 1;

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/* Output any zeros remaining from the previous run */

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handle_zeros:

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if (l>zeros_rem) {

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int count = FFMIN(l>zeros_rem, width  i);

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memset(dst + i, 0, count);

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i += count; 
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l>zeros_rem = count; 
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} 
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while (i < width) {

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dst[i] = lag_get_rac(rac); 
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ret++; 
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if (dst[i])

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l>zeros = 0;

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else

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l>zeros++; 
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i++; 
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if (l>zeros == esc_count) {

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int index = lag_get_rac(rac);

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ret++; 
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l>zeros = 0;

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l>zeros_rem = lag_calc_zero_run(index); 
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goto handle_zeros;

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} 
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} 
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return ret;

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} 
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static int lag_decode_zero_run_line(LagarithContext *l, uint8_t *dst, 
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const uint8_t *src, int width, 
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int esc_count)

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{ 
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int i = 0; 
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int count;

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uint8_t zero_run = 0;

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const uint8_t *start = src;

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uint8_t mask1 = (esc_count < 2);

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uint8_t mask2 = (esc_count < 3);

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uint8_t *end = dst + (width  2);

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output_zeros:

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if (l>zeros_rem) {

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count = FFMIN(l>zeros_rem, width  i); 
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memset(dst, 0, count);

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l>zeros_rem = count; 
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dst += count; 
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} 
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while (dst < end) {

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i = 0;

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while (!zero_run && dst + i < end) {

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i++; 
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zero_run = 
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!(src[i]  (src[i + 1] & mask1)  (src[i + 2] & mask2)); 
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} 
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if (zero_run) {

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zero_run = 0;

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i += esc_count; 
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memcpy(dst, src, i); 
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dst += i; 
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l>zeros_rem = lag_calc_zero_run(src[i]); 
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src += i + 1;

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goto output_zeros;

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} else {

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memcpy(dst, src, i); 
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src += i; 
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} 
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} 
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return start  src;

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} 
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static int lag_decode_arith_plane(LagarithContext *l, uint8_t *dst, 
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int width, int height, int stride, 
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const uint8_t *src, int src_size) 
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{ 
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int i = 0; 
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int read = 0; 
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uint32_t length; 
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uint32_t offset = 1;

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int esc_count = src[0]; 
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GetBitContext gb; 
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lag_rac rac; 
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rac.avctx = l>avctx; 
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l>zeros = 0;

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if (esc_count < 4) { 
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length = width * height; 
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if (esc_count && AV_RL32(src + 1) < length) { 
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length = AV_RL32(src + 1);

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offset += 4;

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} 
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init_get_bits(&gb, src + offset, src_size * 8);

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if (lag_read_prob_header(&rac, &gb) < 0) 
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return 1; 
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lag_rac_init(&rac, &gb, length  stride); 
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for (i = 0; i < height; i++) 
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read += lag_decode_line(l, &rac, dst + (i * stride), width, 
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stride, esc_count); 
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if (read > length)

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av_log(l>avctx, AV_LOG_WARNING, 
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"Output more bytes than length (%d of %d)\n", read,

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length); 
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} else if (esc_count < 8) { 
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esc_count = 4;

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if (esc_count > 0) { 
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/* Zero run coding only, no range coding. */

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for (i = 0; i < height; i++) 
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src += lag_decode_zero_run_line(l, dst + (i * stride), src, 
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width, esc_count); 
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} else {

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/* Plane is stored uncompressed */

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for (i = 0; i < height; i++) { 
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memcpy(dst + (i * stride), src, width); 
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src += width; 
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} 
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} 
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} else if (esc_count == 0xff) { 
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/* Plane is a solid run of given value */

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for (i = 0; i < height; i++) 
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memset(dst + i * stride, src[1], width);

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/* Do not apply prediction.

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Note: memset to 0 above, setting first value to src[1]

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and applying prediction gives the same result. */

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return 0; 
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} else {

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av_log(l>avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, 
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"Invalid zero run escape code! (%#x)\n", esc_count);

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return 1; 
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} 
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for (i = 0; i < height; i++) { 
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lag_pred_line(l, dst, width, stride, i); 
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dst += stride; 
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} 
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return 0; 
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} 
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/**

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* Decode a frame.

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* @param avctx codec context

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* @param data output AVFrame

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* @param data_size size of output data or 0 if no picture is returned

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* @param avpkt input packet

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* @return number of consumed bytes on success or negative if decode fails

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*/

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static int lag_decode_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx, 
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void *data, int *data_size, AVPacket *avpkt) 
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{ 
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const uint8_t *buf = avpkt>data;

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int buf_size = avpkt>size;

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LagarithContext *l = avctx>priv_data; 
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AVFrame *const p = &l>picture;

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uint8_t frametype = 0;

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uint32_t offset_gu = 0, offset_bv = 0, offset_ry = 9; 
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AVFrame *picture = data; 
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if (p>data[0]) 
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avctx>release_buffer(avctx, p); 
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p>reference = 0;

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p>key_frame = 1;

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frametype = buf[0];

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offset_gu = AV_RL32(buf + 1);

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offset_bv = AV_RL32(buf + 5);

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460 
switch (frametype) {

461 
case FRAME_ARITH_YV12:

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avctx>pix_fmt = PIX_FMT_YUV420P; 
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464 
if (avctx>get_buffer(avctx, p) < 0) { 
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av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "get_buffer() failed\n");

466 
return 1; 
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} 
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469 
lag_decode_arith_plane(l, p>data[0], avctx>width, avctx>height,

470 
p>linesize[0], buf + offset_ry,

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buf_size); 
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lag_decode_arith_plane(l, p>data[2], avctx>width / 2, 
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avctx>height / 2, p>linesize[2], 
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buf + offset_gu, buf_size); 
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lag_decode_arith_plane(l, p>data[1], avctx>width / 2, 
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avctx>height / 2, p>linesize[1], 
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buf + offset_bv, buf_size); 
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break;

479 
default:

480 
av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, 
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"Unsupported Lagarith frame type: %#x\n", frametype);

482 
return 1; 
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} 
484  
485 
*picture = *p; 
486 
*data_size = sizeof(AVFrame);

487  
488 
return buf_size;

489 
} 
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491 
static av_cold int lag_decode_init(AVCodecContext *avctx) 
492 
{ 
493 
LagarithContext *l = avctx>priv_data; 
494 
l>avctx = avctx; 
495  
496 
dsputil_init(&l>dsp, avctx); 
497  
498 
return 0; 
499 
} 
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501 
static av_cold int lag_decode_end(AVCodecContext *avctx) 
502 
{ 
503 
LagarithContext *l = avctx>priv_data; 
504  
505 
if (l>picture.data[0]) 
506 
avctx>release_buffer(avctx, &l>picture); 
507  
508 
return 0; 
509 
} 
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511 
AVCodec ff_lagarith_decoder = { 
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"lagarith",

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CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO, 
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CODEC_ID_LAGARITH, 
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sizeof(LagarithContext),

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lag_decode_init, 
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NULL,

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lag_decode_end, 
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lag_decode_frame, 
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CODEC_CAP_DR1, 
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.long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Lagarith lossless"),

522 
}; 