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/*
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 * TTA (The Lossless True Audio) decoder
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 * Copyright (c) 2006 Alex Beregszaszi
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 *
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 * This file is part of FFmpeg.
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 *
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 * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
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 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
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 */
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/**
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 * @file
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 * TTA (The Lossless True Audio) decoder
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 * (www.true-audio.com or tta.corecodec.org)
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 * @author Alex Beregszaszi
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 *
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 */
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#define ALT_BITSTREAM_READER_LE
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//#define DEBUG
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#include <limits.h>
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#include "avcodec.h"
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#include "get_bits.h"
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#define FORMAT_INT 1
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#define FORMAT_FLOAT 3
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#define MAX_ORDER 16
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typedef struct TTAFilter {
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    int32_t shift, round, error, mode;
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    int32_t qm[MAX_ORDER];
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    int32_t dx[MAX_ORDER];
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    int32_t dl[MAX_ORDER];
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} TTAFilter;
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typedef struct TTARice {
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    uint32_t k0, k1, sum0, sum1;
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} TTARice;
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typedef struct TTAChannel {
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    int32_t predictor;
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    TTAFilter filter;
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    TTARice rice;
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} TTAChannel;
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typedef struct TTAContext {
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    AVCodecContext *avctx;
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    GetBitContext gb;
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    int flags, channels, bps, is_float, data_length;
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    int frame_length, last_frame_length, total_frames;
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    int32_t *decode_buffer;
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    TTAChannel *ch_ctx;
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} TTAContext;
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#if 0
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static inline int shift_1(int i)
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{
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    if (i < 32)
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        return 1 << i;
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    else
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        return 0x80000000; // 16 << 31
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}
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static inline int shift_16(int i)
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{
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    if (i < 28)
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        return 16 << i;
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    else
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        return 0x80000000; // 16 << 27
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}
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#else
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static const uint32_t shift_1[] = {
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    0x00000001, 0x00000002, 0x00000004, 0x00000008,
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    0x00000010, 0x00000020, 0x00000040, 0x00000080,
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    0x00000100, 0x00000200, 0x00000400, 0x00000800,
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    0x00001000, 0x00002000, 0x00004000, 0x00008000,
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    0x00010000, 0x00020000, 0x00040000, 0x00080000,
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    0x00100000, 0x00200000, 0x00400000, 0x00800000,
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    0x01000000, 0x02000000, 0x04000000, 0x08000000,
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    0x10000000, 0x20000000, 0x40000000, 0x80000000,
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    0x80000000, 0x80000000, 0x80000000, 0x80000000,
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    0x80000000, 0x80000000, 0x80000000, 0x80000000
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};
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static const uint32_t * const shift_16 = shift_1 + 4;
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#endif
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static const int32_t ttafilter_configs[4][2] = {
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    {10, 1},
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    {9, 1},
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    {10, 1},
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    {12, 0}
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};
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static void ttafilter_init(TTAFilter *c, int32_t shift, int32_t mode) {
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    memset(c, 0, sizeof(TTAFilter));
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    c->shift = shift;
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   c->round = shift_1[shift-1];
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//    c->round = 1 << (shift - 1);
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    c->mode = mode;
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}
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// FIXME: copy paste from original
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static inline void memshl(register int32_t *a, register int32_t *b) {
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    *a++ = *b++;
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    *a++ = *b++;
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    *a++ = *b++;
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    *a++ = *b++;
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    *a++ = *b++;
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    *a++ = *b++;
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    *a++ = *b++;
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    *a = *b;
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}
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// FIXME: copy paste from original
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// mode=1 encoder, mode=0 decoder
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static inline void ttafilter_process(TTAFilter *c, int32_t *in, int32_t mode) {
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    register int32_t *dl = c->dl, *qm = c->qm, *dx = c->dx, sum = c->round;
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    if (!c->error) {
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        sum += *dl++ * *qm, qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * *qm, qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * *qm, qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * *qm, qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * *qm, qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * *qm, qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * *qm, qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * *qm, qm++;
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        dx += 8;
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    } else if(c->error < 0) {
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm -= *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm -= *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm -= *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm -= *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm -= *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm -= *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm -= *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm -= *dx++), qm++;
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    } else {
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm += *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm += *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm += *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm += *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm += *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm += *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm += *dx++), qm++;
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        sum += *dl++ * (*qm += *dx++), qm++;
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    }
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    *(dx-0) = ((*(dl-1) >> 30) | 1) << 2;
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    *(dx-1) = ((*(dl-2) >> 30) | 1) << 1;
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    *(dx-2) = ((*(dl-3) >> 30) | 1) << 1;
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    *(dx-3) = ((*(dl-4) >> 30) | 1);
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    // compress
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    if (mode) {
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        *dl = *in;
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        *in -= (sum >> c->shift);
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        c->error = *in;
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    } else {
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        c->error = *in;
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        *in += (sum >> c->shift);
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        *dl = *in;
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    }
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    if (c->mode) {
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        *(dl-1) = *dl - *(dl-1);
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        *(dl-2) = *(dl-1) - *(dl-2);
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        *(dl-3) = *(dl-2) - *(dl-3);
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    }
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    memshl(c->dl, c->dl + 1);
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    memshl(c->dx, c->dx + 1);
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}
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static void rice_init(TTARice *c, uint32_t k0, uint32_t k1)
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{
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    c->k0 = k0;
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    c->k1 = k1;
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    c->sum0 = shift_16[k0];
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    c->sum1 = shift_16[k1];
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}
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static int tta_get_unary(GetBitContext *gb)
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{
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    int ret = 0;
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    // count ones
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    while(get_bits1(gb))
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        ret++;
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    return ret;
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}
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static av_cold int tta_decode_init(AVCodecContext * avctx)
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{
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    TTAContext *s = avctx->priv_data;
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    int i;
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    s->avctx = avctx;
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    // 30bytes includes a seektable with one frame
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    if (avctx->extradata_size < 30)
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        return -1;
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    init_get_bits(&s->gb, avctx->extradata, avctx->extradata_size);
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    if (show_bits_long(&s->gb, 32) == AV_RL32("TTA1"))
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    {
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        /* signature */
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        skip_bits(&s->gb, 32);
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//        if (get_bits_long(&s->gb, 32) != av_bswap32(AV_RL32("TTA1"))) {
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//            av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Missing magic\n");
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//            return -1;
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//        }
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        s->flags = get_bits(&s->gb, 16);
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        if (s->flags != 1 && s->flags != 3)
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        {
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            av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid flags\n");
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            return -1;
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        }
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        s->is_float = (s->flags == FORMAT_FLOAT);
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        avctx->channels = s->channels = get_bits(&s->gb, 16);
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        avctx->bits_per_coded_sample = get_bits(&s->gb, 16);
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        s->bps = (avctx->bits_per_coded_sample + 7) / 8;
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        avctx->sample_rate = get_bits_long(&s->gb, 32);
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        if(avctx->sample_rate > 1000000){ //prevent FRAME_TIME * avctx->sample_rate from overflowing and sanity check
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            av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "sample_rate too large\n");
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            return -1;
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        }
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        s->data_length = get_bits_long(&s->gb, 32);
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        skip_bits(&s->gb, 32); // CRC32 of header
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        if (s->is_float)
248
        {
249
            avctx->sample_fmt = AV_SAMPLE_FMT_FLT;
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            av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Unsupported sample format. Please contact the developers.\n");
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            return -1;
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        }
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        else switch(s->bps) {
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//            case 1: avctx->sample_fmt = AV_SAMPLE_FMT_U8; break;
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            case 2: avctx->sample_fmt = AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S16; break;
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//            case 3: avctx->sample_fmt = AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S24; break;
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            case 4: avctx->sample_fmt = AV_SAMPLE_FMT_S32; break;
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            default:
259
                av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Invalid/unsupported sample format. Please contact the developers.\n");
260
                return -1;
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        }
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263
        // FIXME: horribly broken, but directly from reference source
264
#define FRAME_TIME 1.04489795918367346939
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        s->frame_length = (int)(FRAME_TIME * avctx->sample_rate);
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267
        s->last_frame_length = s->data_length % s->frame_length;
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        s->total_frames = s->data_length / s->frame_length +
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                        (s->last_frame_length ? 1 : 0);
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271
        av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "flags: %x chans: %d bps: %d rate: %d block: %d\n",
272
            s->flags, avctx->channels, avctx->bits_per_coded_sample, avctx->sample_rate,
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            avctx->block_align);
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        av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "data_length: %d frame_length: %d last: %d total: %d\n",
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            s->data_length, s->frame_length, s->last_frame_length, s->total_frames);
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277
        // FIXME: seek table
278
        for (i = 0; i < s->total_frames; i++)
279
            skip_bits(&s->gb, 32);
280
        skip_bits(&s->gb, 32); // CRC32 of seektable
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282
        if(s->frame_length >= UINT_MAX / (s->channels * sizeof(int32_t))){
283
            av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "frame_length too large\n");
284
            return -1;
285
        }
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287
        s->decode_buffer = av_mallocz(sizeof(int32_t)*s->frame_length*s->channels);
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        s->ch_ctx = av_malloc(avctx->channels * sizeof(*s->ch_ctx));
289
        if (!s->ch_ctx)
290
            return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
291
    } else {
292
        av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Wrong extradata present\n");
293
        return -1;
294
    }
295

    
296
    return 0;
297
}
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static int tta_decode_frame(AVCodecContext *avctx,
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        void *data, int *data_size,
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        AVPacket *avpkt)
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{
303
    const uint8_t *buf = avpkt->data;
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    int buf_size = avpkt->size;
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    TTAContext *s = avctx->priv_data;
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    int i;
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308
    init_get_bits(&s->gb, buf, buf_size*8);
309
    {
310
        int cur_chan = 0, framelen = s->frame_length;
311
        int32_t *p;
312

    
313
        if (*data_size < (framelen * s->channels * 2)) {
314
            av_log(avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Output buffer size is too small.\n");
315
            return -1;
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        }
317
        // FIXME: seeking
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        s->total_frames--;
319
        if (!s->total_frames && s->last_frame_length)
320
            framelen = s->last_frame_length;
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        // init per channel states
323
        for (i = 0; i < s->channels; i++) {
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            s->ch_ctx[i].predictor = 0;
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            ttafilter_init(&s->ch_ctx[i].filter, ttafilter_configs[s->bps-1][0], ttafilter_configs[s->bps-1][1]);
326
            rice_init(&s->ch_ctx[i].rice, 10, 10);
327
        }
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329
        for (p = s->decode_buffer; p < s->decode_buffer + (framelen * s->channels); p++) {
330
            int32_t *predictor = &s->ch_ctx[cur_chan].predictor;
331
            TTAFilter *filter = &s->ch_ctx[cur_chan].filter;
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            TTARice *rice = &s->ch_ctx[cur_chan].rice;
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            uint32_t unary, depth, k;
334
            int32_t value;
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336
            unary = tta_get_unary(&s->gb);
337

    
338
            if (unary == 0) {
339
                depth = 0;
340
                k = rice->k0;
341
            } else {
342
                depth = 1;
343
                k = rice->k1;
344
                unary--;
345
            }
346

    
347
            if (get_bits_left(&s->gb) < k)
348
                return -1;
349

    
350
            if (k) {
351
                if (k > MIN_CACHE_BITS)
352
                    return -1;
353
                value = (unary << k) + get_bits(&s->gb, k);
354
            } else
355
                value = unary;
356

    
357
            // FIXME: copy paste from original
358
            switch (depth) {
359
            case 1:
360
                rice->sum1 += value - (rice->sum1 >> 4);
361
                if (rice->k1 > 0 && rice->sum1 < shift_16[rice->k1])
362
                    rice->k1--;
363
                else if(rice->sum1 > shift_16[rice->k1 + 1])
364
                    rice->k1++;
365
                value += shift_1[rice->k0];
366
            default:
367
                rice->sum0 += value - (rice->sum0 >> 4);
368
                if (rice->k0 > 0 && rice->sum0 < shift_16[rice->k0])
369
                    rice->k0--;
370
                else if(rice->sum0 > shift_16[rice->k0 + 1])
371
                    rice->k0++;
372
            }
373

    
374
            // extract coded value
375
#define UNFOLD(x) (((x)&1) ? (++(x)>>1) : (-(x)>>1))
376
            *p = UNFOLD(value);
377

    
378
            // run hybrid filter
379
            ttafilter_process(filter, p, 0);
380

    
381
            // fixed order prediction
382
#define PRED(x, k) (int32_t)((((uint64_t)x << k) - x) >> k)
383
            switch (s->bps) {
384
                case 1: *p += PRED(*predictor, 4); break;
385
                case 2:
386
                case 3: *p += PRED(*predictor, 5); break;
387
                case 4: *p += *predictor; break;
388
            }
389
            *predictor = *p;
390

    
391
#if 0
392
            // extract 32bit float from last two int samples
393
            if (s->is_float && ((p - data) & 1)) {
394
                uint32_t neg = *p & 0x80000000;
395
                uint32_t hi = *(p - 1);
396
                uint32_t lo = abs(*p) - 1;
397

398
                hi += (hi || lo) ? 0x3f80 : 0;
399
                // SWAP16: swap all the 16 bits
400
                *(p - 1) = (hi << 16) | SWAP16(lo) | neg;
401
            }
402
#endif
403

    
404
            /*if ((get_bits_count(&s->gb)+7)/8 > buf_size)
405
            {
406
                av_log(NULL, AV_LOG_INFO, "overread!!\n");
407
                break;
408
            }*/
409

    
410
            // flip channels
411
            if (cur_chan < (s->channels-1))
412
                cur_chan++;
413
            else {
414
                // decorrelate in case of stereo integer
415
                if (!s->is_float && (s->channels > 1)) {
416
                    int32_t *r = p - 1;
417
                    for (*p += *r / 2; r > p - s->channels; r--)
418
                        *r = *(r + 1) - *r;
419
                }
420
                cur_chan = 0;
421
            }
422
        }
423

    
424
        if (get_bits_left(&s->gb) < 32)
425
            return -1;
426
        skip_bits(&s->gb, 32); // frame crc
427

    
428
        // convert to output buffer
429
        switch(s->bps) {
430
            case 2: {
431
                uint16_t *samples = data;
432
                for (p = s->decode_buffer; p < s->decode_buffer + (framelen * s->channels); p++) {
433
//                    *samples++ = (unsigned char)*p;
434
//                    *samples++ = (unsigned char)(*p >> 8);
435
                    *samples++ = *p;
436
                }
437
                *data_size = (uint8_t *)samples - (uint8_t *)data;
438
                break;
439
            }
440
            default:
441
                av_log(s->avctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error, only 16bit samples supported!\n");
442
        }
443
    }
444

    
445
//    return get_bits_count(&s->gb)+7)/8;
446
    return buf_size;
447
}
448

    
449
static av_cold int tta_decode_close(AVCodecContext *avctx) {
450
    TTAContext *s = avctx->priv_data;
451

    
452
    av_free(s->decode_buffer);
453
    av_freep(&s->ch_ctx);
454

    
455
    return 0;
456
}
457

    
458
AVCodec ff_tta_decoder = {
459
    "tta",
460
    AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO,
461
    CODEC_ID_TTA,
462
    sizeof(TTAContext),
463
    tta_decode_init,
464
    NULL,
465
    tta_decode_close,
466
    tta_decode_frame,
467
    .long_name = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("True Audio (TTA)"),
468
};