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/*
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 * General DV muxer/demuxer
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 * Copyright (c) 2003 Roman Shaposhnik
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 *
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 * Many thanks to Dan Dennedy <dan@dennedy.org> for providing wealth
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 * of DV technical info.
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 *
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 * Raw DV format
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 * Copyright (c) 2002 Fabrice Bellard.
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 *
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 * 50 Mbps (DVCPRO50) support
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 * Copyright (c) 2006 Daniel Maas <dmaas@maasdigital.com>
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 *
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 * This file is part of FFmpeg.
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 *
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 * FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
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 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
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 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
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 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
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 * License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
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 */
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#include <time.h>
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#include <stdarg.h>
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#include "avformat.h"
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#include "dvdata.h"
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#include "dv.h"
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#include "fifo.h"
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37
struct DVMuxContext {
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    const DVprofile*  sys;    /* Current DV profile. E.g.: 525/60, 625/50 */
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    int         n_ast;        /* Number of stereo audio streams (up to 2) */
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    AVStream   *ast[2];       /* Stereo audio streams */
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    AVFifoBuffer  audio_data[2]; /* Fifo for storing excessive amounts of PCM */
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    int         frames;       /* Number of a current frame */
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    time_t      start_time;   /* Start time of recording */
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    int         has_audio;    /* frame under contruction has audio */
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    int         has_video;    /* frame under contruction has video */
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    uint8_t     frame_buf[DV_MAX_FRAME_SIZE]; /* frame under contruction */
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};
48

    
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static const int dv_aaux_packs_dist[12][9] = {
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    { 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff },
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    { 0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff, 0xff },
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};
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static int dv_audio_frame_size(const DVprofile* sys, int frame)
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{
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    return sys->audio_samples_dist[frame % (sizeof(sys->audio_samples_dist)/
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                                            sizeof(sys->audio_samples_dist[0]))];
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}
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static int dv_write_pack(enum dv_pack_type pack_id, DVMuxContext *c, uint8_t* buf, ...)
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{
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    struct tm tc;
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    time_t ct;
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    int ltc_frame;
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    va_list ap;
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    buf[0] = (uint8_t)pack_id;
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    switch (pack_id) {
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    case dv_timecode:
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          ct = (time_t)(c->frames / ((float)c->sys->frame_rate /
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                                     (float)c->sys->frame_rate_base));
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          brktimegm(ct, &tc);
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          /*
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           * LTC drop-frame frame counter drops two frames (0 and 1) every
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           * minute, unless it is exactly divisible by 10
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           */
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          ltc_frame = (c->frames + 2*ct/60 - 2*ct/600) % c->sys->ltc_divisor;
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          buf[1] = (0 << 7) | /* Color fame: 0 - unsync; 1 - sync mode */
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                   (1 << 6) | /* Drop frame timecode: 0 - nondrop; 1 - drop */
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                   ((ltc_frame / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of frames */
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                   (ltc_frame % 10);         /* Units of frames */
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          buf[2] = (1 << 7) | /* Biphase mark polarity correction: 0 - even; 1 - odd */
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                   ((tc.tm_sec / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of seconds */
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                   (tc.tm_sec % 10);         /* Units of seconds */
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          buf[3] = (1 << 7) | /* Binary group flag BGF0 */
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                   ((tc.tm_min / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of minutes */
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                   (tc.tm_min % 10);         /* Units of minutes */
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          buf[4] = (1 << 7) | /* Binary group flag BGF2 */
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                   (1 << 6) | /* Binary group flag BGF1 */
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                   ((tc.tm_hour / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of hours */
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                   (tc.tm_hour % 10);         /* Units of hours */
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          break;
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    case dv_audio_source:  /* AAUX source pack */
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          va_start(ap, buf);
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          buf[1] = (1 << 7) | /* locked mode -- SMPTE only supports locked mode */
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                   (1 << 6) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
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                   (dv_audio_frame_size(c->sys, c->frames) -
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                    c->sys->audio_min_samples[0]);
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                              /* # of samples      */
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          buf[2] = (0 << 7) | /* multi-stereo      */
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                   (0 << 5) | /* #of audio channels per block: 0 -- 1 channel */
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                   (0 << 4) | /* pair bit: 0 -- one pair of channels */
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                   !!va_arg(ap, int); /* audio mode        */
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          buf[3] = (1 << 7) | /* res               */
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                   (1 << 6) | /* multi-language flag */
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                   (c->sys->dsf << 5) | /*  system: 60fields/50fields */
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                   (c->sys->n_difchan & 2); /* definition: 0 -- 25Mbps, 2 -- 50Mbps */
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          buf[4] = (1 << 7) | /* emphasis: 1 -- off */
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                   (0 << 6) | /* emphasis time constant: 0 -- reserved */
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                   (0 << 3) | /* frequency: 0 -- 48Khz, 1 -- 44,1Khz, 2 -- 32Khz */
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                    0;        /* quantization: 0 -- 16bit linear, 1 -- 12bit nonlinear */
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          va_end(ap);
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          break;
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    case dv_audio_control:
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          buf[1] = (0 << 6) | /* copy protection: 0 -- unrestricted */
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                   (1 << 4) | /* input source: 1 -- digital input */
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                   (3 << 2) | /* compression: 3 -- no information */
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                    0;        /* misc. info/SMPTE emphasis off */
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          buf[2] = (1 << 7) | /* recording start point: 1 -- no */
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                   (1 << 6) | /* recording end point: 1 -- no */
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                   (1 << 3) | /* recording mode: 1 -- original */
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                    7;
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          buf[3] = (1 << 7) | /* direction: 1 -- forward */
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                   (c->sys->pix_fmt == PIX_FMT_YUV420P ? 0x20 : /* speed */
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                                                         c->sys->ltc_divisor*4);
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          buf[4] = (1 << 7) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
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                    0x7f;     /* genre category */
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          break;
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    case dv_audio_recdate:
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    case dv_video_recdate:  /* VAUX recording date */
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          ct = c->start_time + (time_t)(c->frames /
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               ((float)c->sys->frame_rate / (float)c->sys->frame_rate_base));
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          brktimegm(ct, &tc);
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          buf[1] = 0xff; /* ds, tm, tens of time zone, units of time zone */
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                         /* 0xff is very likely to be "unknown" */
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          buf[2] = (3 << 6) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
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                   ((tc.tm_mday / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of day */
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                   (tc.tm_mday % 10);         /* Units of day */
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          buf[3] = /* we set high 4 bits to 0, shouldn't we set them to week? */
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                   ((tc.tm_mon / 10) << 4) |    /* Tens of month */
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                   (tc.tm_mon  % 10);           /* Units of month */
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          buf[4] = (((tc.tm_year % 100) / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of year */
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                   (tc.tm_year % 10);                 /* Units of year */
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          break;
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    case dv_audio_rectime:  /* AAUX recording time */
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    case dv_video_rectime:  /* VAUX recording time */
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          ct = c->start_time + (time_t)(c->frames /
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               ((float)c->sys->frame_rate / (float)c->sys->frame_rate_base));
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          brktimegm(ct, &tc);
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          buf[1] = (3 << 6) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
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                   0x3f; /* tens of frame, units of frame: 0x3f - "unknown" ? */
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          buf[2] = (1 << 7) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
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                   ((tc.tm_sec / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of seconds */
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                   (tc.tm_sec % 10);         /* Units of seconds */
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          buf[3] = (1 << 7) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
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                   ((tc.tm_min / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of minutes */
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                   (tc.tm_min % 10);         /* Units of minutes */
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          buf[4] = (3 << 6) | /* reserved -- always 1 */
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                   ((tc.tm_hour / 10) << 4) | /* Tens of hours */
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                   (tc.tm_hour % 10);         /* Units of hours */
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          break;
172
    default:
173
          buf[1] = buf[2] = buf[3] = buf[4] = 0xff;
174
    }
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    return 5;
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}
177

    
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static void dv_inject_audio(DVMuxContext *c, int channel, uint8_t* frame_ptr)
179
{
180
    int i, j, d, of, size;
181
    size = 4 * dv_audio_frame_size(c->sys, c->frames);
182
    frame_ptr += channel * c->sys->difseg_size * 150 * 80;
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    for (i = 0; i < c->sys->difseg_size; i++) {
184
       frame_ptr += 6 * 80; /* skip DIF segment header */
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       for (j = 0; j < 9; j++) {
186
          dv_write_pack(dv_aaux_packs_dist[i][j], c, &frame_ptr[3], i >= c->sys->difseg_size/2);
187
          for (d = 8; d < 80; d+=2) {
188
             of = c->sys->audio_shuffle[i][j] + (d - 8)/2 * c->sys->audio_stride;
189
             if (of*2 >= size)
190
                 continue;
191

    
192
             frame_ptr[d] = av_fifo_peek(&c->audio_data[channel], of*2+1); // FIXME: may be we have to admit
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             frame_ptr[d+1] = av_fifo_peek(&c->audio_data[channel], of*2); //        that DV is a big endian PCM
194
          }
195
          frame_ptr += 16 * 80; /* 15 Video DIFs + 1 Audio DIF */
196
       }
197
    }
198
}
199

    
200
static void dv_inject_metadata(DVMuxContext *c, uint8_t* frame)
201
{
202
    int j, k;
203
    uint8_t* buf;
204

    
205
    for (buf = frame; buf < frame + c->sys->frame_size; buf += 150 * 80) {
206
        /* DV subcode: 2nd and 3d DIFs */
207
        for (j = 80; j < 80 * 3; j += 80) {
208
            for (k = 6; k < 6 * 8; k += 8)
209
                dv_write_pack(dv_timecode, c, &buf[j+k]);
210

    
211
            if (((long)(buf-frame)/(c->sys->frame_size/(c->sys->difseg_size*c->sys->n_difchan))%c->sys->difseg_size) > 5) { /* FIXME: is this really needed ? */
212
                dv_write_pack(dv_video_recdate, c, &buf[j+14]);
213
                dv_write_pack(dv_video_rectime, c, &buf[j+22]);
214
                dv_write_pack(dv_video_recdate, c, &buf[j+38]);
215
                dv_write_pack(dv_video_rectime, c, &buf[j+46]);
216
            }
217
        }
218

    
219
        /* DV VAUX: 4th, 5th and 6th 3DIFs */
220
        for (j = 80*3 + 3; j < 80*6; j += 80) {
221
            dv_write_pack(dv_video_recdate, c, &buf[j+5*2]);
222
            dv_write_pack(dv_video_rectime, c, &buf[j+5*3]);
223
            dv_write_pack(dv_video_recdate, c, &buf[j+5*11]);
224
            dv_write_pack(dv_video_rectime, c, &buf[j+5*12]);
225
        }
226
    }
227
}
228

    
229
/*
230
 * The following 3 functions constitute our interface to the world
231
 */
232

    
233
int dv_assemble_frame(DVMuxContext *c, AVStream* st,
234
                      const uint8_t* data, int data_size, uint8_t** frame)
235
{
236
    int i, reqasize;
237

    
238
    *frame = &c->frame_buf[0];
239
    reqasize = 4 * dv_audio_frame_size(c->sys, c->frames);
240

    
241
    switch (st->codec->codec_type) {
242
    case CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO:
243
          /* FIXME: we have to have more sensible approach than this one */
244
          if (c->has_video)
245
              av_log(st->codec, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Can't process DV frame #%d. Insufficient audio data or severe sync problem.\n", c->frames);
246

    
247
          memcpy(*frame, data, c->sys->frame_size);
248
          c->has_video = 1;
249
          break;
250
    case CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO:
251
          for (i = 0; i < c->n_ast && st != c->ast[i]; i++);
252

    
253
          /* FIXME: we have to have more sensible approach than this one */
254
          if (av_fifo_size(&c->audio_data[i]) + data_size >= 100*AVCODEC_MAX_AUDIO_FRAME_SIZE)
255
              av_log(st->codec, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Can't process DV frame #%d. Insufficient video data or severe sync problem.\n", c->frames);
256
          av_fifo_write(&c->audio_data[i], data, data_size);
257

    
258
          /* Lets see if we've got enough audio for one DV frame */
259
          c->has_audio |= ((reqasize <= av_fifo_size(&c->audio_data[i])) << i);
260

    
261
          break;
262
    default:
263
          break;
264
    }
265

    
266
    /* Lets see if we have enough data to construct one DV frame */
267
    if (c->has_video == 1 && c->has_audio + 1 == 1<<c->n_ast) {
268
        dv_inject_metadata(c, *frame);
269
        for (i=0; i<c->n_ast; i++) {
270
             dv_inject_audio(c, i, *frame);
271
             av_fifo_drain(&c->audio_data[i], reqasize);
272
        }
273

    
274
        c->has_video = 0;
275
        c->has_audio = 0;
276
        c->frames++;
277

    
278
        return c->sys->frame_size;
279
    }
280

    
281
    return 0;
282
}
283

    
284
DVMuxContext* dv_init_mux(AVFormatContext* s)
285
{
286
    DVMuxContext *c = s->priv_data;
287
    AVStream *vst = NULL;
288
    int i;
289

    
290
    /* we support at most 1 video and 2 audio streams */
291
    if (s->nb_streams > 3)
292
        return NULL;
293

    
294
    c->n_ast = 0;
295
    c->ast[0] = c->ast[1] = NULL;
296

    
297
    /* We have to sort out where audio and where video stream is */
298
    for (i=0; i<s->nb_streams; i++) {
299
         switch (s->streams[i]->codec->codec_type) {
300
         case CODEC_TYPE_VIDEO:
301
               vst = s->streams[i];
302
               break;
303
         case CODEC_TYPE_AUDIO:
304
             c->ast[c->n_ast++] = s->streams[i];
305
             break;
306
         default:
307
               goto bail_out;
308
         }
309
    }
310

    
311
    /* Some checks -- DV format is very picky about its incoming streams */
312
    if (!vst || vst->codec->codec_id != CODEC_ID_DVVIDEO)
313
        goto bail_out;
314
    for (i=0; i<c->n_ast; i++) {
315
        if (c->ast[i] && (c->ast[i]->codec->codec_id != CODEC_ID_PCM_S16LE ||
316
                          c->ast[i]->codec->sample_rate != 48000 ||
317
                          c->ast[i]->codec->channels != 2))
318
            goto bail_out;
319
    }
320
    c->sys = dv_codec_profile(vst->codec);
321
    if (!c->sys)
322
        goto bail_out;
323

    
324
    if((c->n_ast > 1) && (c->sys->n_difchan < 2)) {
325
        /* only 1 stereo pair is allowed in 25Mbps mode */
326
        goto bail_out;
327
    }
328

    
329
    /* Ok, everything seems to be in working order */
330
    c->frames = 0;
331
    c->has_audio = 0;
332
    c->has_video = 0;
333
    c->start_time = (time_t)s->timestamp;
334

    
335
    for (i=0; i<c->n_ast; i++) {
336
        if (c->ast[i] && av_fifo_init(&c->audio_data[i], 100*AVCODEC_MAX_AUDIO_FRAME_SIZE) < 0) {
337
            while (i>0) {
338
                i--;
339
                av_fifo_free(&c->audio_data[i]);
340
            }
341
            goto bail_out;
342
        }
343
    }
344

    
345
    return c;
346

    
347
bail_out:
348
    return NULL;
349
}
350

    
351
void dv_delete_mux(DVMuxContext *c)
352
{
353
    int i;
354
    for (i=0; i < c->n_ast; i++)
355
        av_fifo_free(&c->audio_data[i]);
356
}
357

    
358
#ifdef CONFIG_MUXERS
359
static int dv_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
360
{
361
    if (!dv_init_mux(s)) {
362
        av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Can't initialize DV format!\n"
363
                    "Make sure that you supply exactly two streams:\n"
364
                    "     video: 25fps or 29.97fps, audio: 2ch/48Khz/PCM\n"
365
                    "     (50Mbps allows an optional second audio stream)\n");
366
        return -1;
367
    }
368
    return 0;
369
}
370

    
371
static int dv_write_packet(struct AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
372
{
373
    uint8_t* frame;
374
    int fsize;
375

    
376
    fsize = dv_assemble_frame(s->priv_data, s->streams[pkt->stream_index],
377
                              pkt->data, pkt->size, &frame);
378
    if (fsize > 0) {
379
        put_buffer(&s->pb, frame, fsize);
380
        put_flush_packet(&s->pb);
381
    }
382
    return 0;
383
}
384

    
385
/*
386
 * We might end up with some extra A/V data without matching counterpart.
387
 * E.g. video data without enough audio to write the complete frame.
388
 * Currently we simply drop the last frame. I don't know whether this
389
 * is the best strategy of all
390
 */
391
static int dv_write_trailer(struct AVFormatContext *s)
392
{
393
    dv_delete_mux(s->priv_data);
394
    return 0;
395
}
396
#endif /* CONFIG_MUXERS */
397

    
398
#ifdef CONFIG_DV_MUXER
399
AVOutputFormat dv_muxer = {
400
    "dv",
401
    "DV video format",
402
    NULL,
403
    "dv",
404
    sizeof(DVMuxContext),
405
    CODEC_ID_PCM_S16LE,
406
    CODEC_ID_DVVIDEO,
407
    dv_write_header,
408
    dv_write_packet,
409
    dv_write_trailer,
410
};
411
#endif