ffmpeg / libavutil / pca.c @ ecad9872
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/*


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* Principal component analysis

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* Copyright (c) 2004 Michael Niedermayer <michaelni@gmx.at>

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*

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* This file is part of FFmpeg.

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*

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* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or

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* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public

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* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either

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* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

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*

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* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,

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* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of

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* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU

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* Lesser General Public License for more details.

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*

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* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public

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* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software

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* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 021101301 USA

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*/

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/**

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* @file pca.c

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* Principal component analysis

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*/

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#include "common.h" 
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#include "pca.h" 
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typedef struct PCA{ 
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int count;

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int n;

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double *covariance;

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double *mean;

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}PCA; 
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PCA *ff_pca_init(int n){

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PCA *pca; 
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if(n<=0) 
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return NULL; 
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pca= av_mallocz(sizeof(PCA));

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pca>n= n; 
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pca>count=0;

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pca>covariance= av_mallocz(sizeof(double)*n*n); 
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pca>mean= av_mallocz(sizeof(double)*n); 
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return pca;

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} 
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void ff_pca_free(PCA *pca){

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av_freep(&pca>covariance); 
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av_freep(&pca>mean); 
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av_free(pca); 
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} 
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void ff_pca_add(PCA *pca, double *v){ 
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int i, j;

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const int n= pca>n; 
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for(i=0; i<n; i++){ 
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pca>mean[i] += v[i]; 
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for(j=i; j<n; j++)

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pca>covariance[j + i*n] += v[i]*v[j]; 
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} 
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pca>count++; 
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} 
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int ff_pca(PCA *pca, double *eigenvector, double *eigenvalue){ 
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int i, j, pass;

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int k=0; 
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const int n= pca>n; 
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double z[n];

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memset(eigenvector, 0, sizeof(double)*n*n); 
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for(j=0; j<n; j++){ 
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pca>mean[j] /= pca>count; 
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eigenvector[j + j*n] = 1.0; 
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for(i=0; i<=j; i++){ 
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pca>covariance[j + i*n] /= pca>count; 
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pca>covariance[j + i*n] = pca>mean[i] * pca>mean[j]; 
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pca>covariance[i + j*n] = pca>covariance[j + i*n]; 
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} 
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eigenvalue[j]= pca>covariance[j + j*n]; 
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z[j]= 0;

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} 
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for(pass=0; pass < 50; pass++){ 
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double sum=0; 
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for(i=0; i<n; i++) 
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for(j=i+1; j<n; j++) 
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sum += fabs(pca>covariance[j + i*n]); 
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if(sum == 0){ 
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for(i=0; i<n; i++){ 
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double maxvalue= 1; 
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for(j=i; j<n; j++){

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if(eigenvalue[j] > maxvalue){

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maxvalue= eigenvalue[j]; 
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k= j; 
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} 
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} 
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eigenvalue[k]= eigenvalue[i]; 
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eigenvalue[i]= maxvalue; 
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for(j=0; j<n; j++){ 
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double tmp= eigenvector[k + j*n];

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eigenvector[k + j*n]= eigenvector[i + j*n]; 
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eigenvector[i + j*n]= tmp; 
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} 
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} 
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return pass;

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} 
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for(i=0; i<n; i++){ 
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for(j=i+1; j<n; j++){ 
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double covar= pca>covariance[j + i*n];

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double t,c,s,tau,theta, h;

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if(pass < 3 && fabs(covar) < sum / (5*n*n)) //FIXME why pass < 3 
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continue;

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if(fabs(covar) == 0.0) //FIXME shouldnt be needed 
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continue;

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if(pass >=3 && fabs((eigenvalue[j]+z[j])/covar) > (1LL<<32) && fabs((eigenvalue[i]+z[i])/covar) > (1LL<<32)){ 
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pca>covariance[j + i*n]=0.0; 
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continue;

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} 
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h= (eigenvalue[j]+z[j])  (eigenvalue[i]+z[i]); 
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theta=0.5*h/covar; 
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t=1.0/(fabs(theta)+sqrt(1.0+theta*theta)); 
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if(theta < 0.0) t = t; 
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c=1.0/sqrt(1+t*t); 
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s=t*c; 
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tau=s/(1.0+c); 
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z[i] = t*covar; 
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z[j] += t*covar; 
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#define ROTATE(a,i,j,k,l) {\

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double g=a[j + i*n];\

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double h=a[l + k*n];\

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a[j + i*n]=gs*(h+g*tau);\ 
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a[l + k*n]=h+s*(gh*tau); } 
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for(k=0; k<n; k++) { 
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if(k!=i && k!=j){

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ROTATE(pca>covariance,FFMIN(k,i),FFMAX(k,i),FFMIN(k,j),FFMAX(k,j)) 
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} 
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ROTATE(eigenvector,k,i,k,j) 
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} 
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pca>covariance[j + i*n]=0.0; 
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} 
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} 
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for (i=0; i<n; i++) { 
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eigenvalue[i] += z[i]; 
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z[i]=0.0; 
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} 
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} 
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return 1; 
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} 
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#ifdef TEST

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#undef printf

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#undef random

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#include <stdio.h> 
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#include <stdlib.h> 
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int main(){

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PCA *pca; 
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int i, j, k;

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#define LEN 8 
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double eigenvector[LEN*LEN];

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double eigenvalue[LEN];

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pca= ff_pca_init(LEN); 
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for(i=0; i<9000000; i++){ 
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double v[2*LEN+100]; 
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double sum=0; 
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int pos= random()%LEN;

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int v2= (random()%101)  50; 
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v[0]= (random()%101)  50; 
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for(j=1; j<8; j++){ 
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if(j<=pos) v[j]= v[0]; 
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else v[j]= v2;

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sum += v[j]; 
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} 
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/* for(j=0; j<LEN; j++){

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v[j] = v[pos];

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}*/

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// sum += random()%10;

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/* for(j=0; j<LEN; j++){

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v[j] = sum/LEN;

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}*/

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// lbt1(v+100,v+100,LEN);

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ff_pca_add(pca, v); 
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} 
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ff_pca(pca, eigenvector, eigenvalue); 
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for(i=0; i<LEN; i++){ 
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pca>count= 1;

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pca>mean[i]= 0;

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// (0.5^x)^2 = 0.5^2x = 0.25^x

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// pca.covariance[i + i*LEN]= pow(0.5, fabs

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for(j=i; j<LEN; j++){

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printf("%f ", pca>covariance[i + j*LEN]);

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} 
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printf("\n");

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} 
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#if 1 
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for(i=0; i<LEN; i++){ 
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double v[LEN];

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double error=0; 
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memset(v, 0, sizeof(v)); 
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for(j=0; j<LEN; j++){ 
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for(k=0; k<LEN; k++){ 
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v[j] += pca>covariance[FFMIN(k,j) + FFMAX(k,j)*LEN] * eigenvector[i + k*LEN]; 
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} 
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v[j] /= eigenvalue[i]; 
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error += fabs(v[j]  eigenvector[i + j*LEN]); 
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} 
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printf("%f ", error);

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} 
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printf("\n");

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#endif

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for(i=0; i<LEN; i++){ 
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for(j=0; j<LEN; j++){ 
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printf("%9.6f ", eigenvector[i + j*LEN]);

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} 
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printf(" %9.1f %f\n", eigenvalue[i], eigenvalue[i]/eigenvalue[0]); 
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} 
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return 0; 
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} 
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#endif
